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Renal Disease in Children-A Ten-Years Experience.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1983;26(7):681-686.
Published online July 31, 1983.
Renal Disease in Children-A Ten-Years Experience.
Hee Young Shin, Hae Il Cheong, Yong Choi, Kwang Wook Ko
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine,Seoul National University
小兒腎疾患
申照泳, 丁海日, 崔 鏡, 高光皇
서울대학교 의과대학 소아과학교실
Abstract
Statistical analysis of inpatients of Seoul National University Hospital from 1972 to 1981 who had renal diseases was performed with respect to their disease pattern, annual incidence of each disease, and age distribution. From 1972 to 1981 renal disease was found in 831 patients among 11,226 total inpatients (7.4%). Male to female ratio of renal disease patients was 2.2 to 1, while male to female ratio of total inpatients of the same period was 1.7 to 1. Nephrotic syndrome was the leading cause of admission in all age groups and it constituted 39.2% of total inpatients. It was followed by acute glomerulonephritis(27.3%), urinary tract infection (6.5%), chronic renal failure (5.0%), and recurrent hematuria(4.5%). Annual incidence of each disease showed slight increase in the number of nephrotic syn- drome patients and patients with urinary tract infection and Henoch-Schonlein nephritis. Urinary tract infection showed relatively high incidence in infancy and it decreased with age and acute glomerulonephritis was most frequently found in 7〜9 year age group and chronic renal failure showed increased incidence with age.
Key Words: Renal Disease, Childhood, Ten years.


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