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Statistical Study on Childhood Accidents.

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1981;24(9):837-843.
Published online September 15, 1981.
Statistical Study on Childhood Accidents.
Hyung Jin Choi, Chang Woo Koh, Sang Man Shin, Sang Jhoo Lee
Department of Pediatrics, Soon Chun Hyang Medical College, Seoul, Korea.
소아 우발사고의 통계적 고찰
최형진, 고창우, 신상만, 이상주
순천향대학 의학부 소아과학교실
Abstract
Authors reviewed 1809 childhood accident cases who visited the emergency room of Soon Chun hyung Hospital from May, 1974 to Aug. 1980. The following results were obtained; 1. Incidence of accidents was 4.1% of all patients who visited emergency room. 2. The highest age incidence was in the age group of 5-9 years, especially in Falldown, Traffic accident, Laceration accident. But Burn, Poisoning and Foreign body accidents were most frequent in the age group of 1-4 years. 3. Male to Female ratio was 1.74:1 4. Seasonal Distibution showed high incidence in Spring and Summer. 5. Accidents were happenedmostly at 4:00 PM - 8:00 PM 6. Causes of Accidents were Falldown(28.3%), Traffic accident (22.4%), Laceration(22.0%), Burn(9.5%), Poisoning (7.5%), Foreign body(4.0%), and Others(3.1%), listed in decreasing order of frequency. 7. Head was the part of the body most frequently involved in Fallodwn, Traffic accident and Laceration accidents. 8. Mortality rate was 7.2% of all accidents and traffic accident was the most common cause of death. Mortality was highest in the age group of 1-4 years.
Key Words: Accidents


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