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A study of anemia in infant and Child and sociomedical relationships

Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society 1970;13(11):639-644.
Published online November 30, 1970.
A study of anemia in infant and Child and sociomedical relationships
In Moo Huh, Sung Kwan Lee
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health Kyung Pook National Univeristy School of Medicine
要幼兒 貧血에 關한 社會醫學的 硏究
許寅茂, 李性寬
慶北大學校 醫科大學 豫防醫學敎室
The author observed the incidency of anemia and sociomedical relationships of it in Kimcheon city and Keumnung Koon area from June 1966 to May 1968. A total of 863 cases were observed and the results obtained are as follows. 1. Rate of anemia by age and incidency. The anemia incidency was 28. 7%, from 1 month to 6 months; 16.9%, 1〜1 1/2y;45. 0% 1 1/2〜2y; 47. 6%, 2〜3y;29. 2% average. 2. Hemoglbin level in anemia group was as follows: from Hb 10. 0 gm% to 10. 5 gm% levels was 60. below 9. 5 gm% level was 7.3%. 3.Rate of anemia by parent age. In the mother age 25~29 groups was 13. 8%, 40~44 year age group was 71. 4% and in the father age group of 25~29 years was 24. 0%, 40~44 years age group was 45.1% freguency of anemia was increased in the parent group of greater age. 4.The relationship between the educational level of parents and the rate of anemia in the child shows that the rate of anemia decreases as the educational level of parents increases. The results were as follows: in case of un-educated mother 47%, mothers with a high school education was 6. 3%. In case of un-educated father was 59. 8%, in high school educated father was 12. 9%. 5.Rate of anemia by father’s Occupation. In the cases of unemployment was 63.1%. in the farmer 32. Q% and in the Marchant 9.1% 6. Rate of anemia by number of live births. The incidency of anemia was increased by the number of live births, Such as 1~3; 21. 4%, 4~6; 41.2%, Over 7; 45.2%. 7.Rate of anemia by birth month the anemia incidency was increased in summer born infants and decreased frequency in the winter born infants 8.Rate of anemia by severity of nausea and vomiting duirng the mother’s pregnancy. In the no symptoms during preqnancy was IQ% and 43. 8% in the severe symptoms cases. 9.Rate of anemia by supplemental diet except Breast feeding and cow’s milk. There was a relatively high rate in the supple diet of rice cereal, fruit and ebiose etc and low rate in deits of breads, meats and eggs. 10.The causes of anemia The most high incidency is cases in the cases of inadeguate diet such as 48%, in the acute and chronic infection cases it was 23%, Disturbance of G.I. was 19%, and 4% in the parasitic infection.

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