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Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Effects of carnosine and hypothermia combination therapy on hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in neonatal rats
Jun Chul Byun, Seong Ryong Lee, Chun Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(8):422-428.   Published online February 24, 2021
Question: How can we further improve the neuroprotective effects of hypothermia in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury?
Finding: Combination carnosine and hypothermia therapy effectively reduced brain damage in neonatal rats. The in situ zymography, terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling assay, and immunofluorescence study results showed that neuroprotective effects were achieved with combination therapy only.
Meaning: Carnosine and hypothermia have synergistic neuroprotective effects against brain damage following HI injury
Editorial
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Fluconazole prophylaxis for prevention of invasive candidiasis in extremely preterm infants
Chun Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2021;64(4):167-168.   Published online July 17, 2020
Original Article
Neonatology (Perinatology)
Clinical features and prognostic factors of early-onset sepsis: a 7.5-year experience in one neonatal intensive care unit
Se Jin Kim, Ga Eun Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Sang Lak Lee, Chun Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2019;62(1):36-41.   Published online September 27, 2018

Purpose: In this study, we investigated the clinical features and prognostic factors of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on medical records from January 2010 to June 2017 (7.5 years) of a university hospital NICU. Results: There were 45 cases of EOS (1.2%) in 3,862 infants. The most common pathogen responsible for...
Neuroprotective effects of erythropoietin against hypoxic injury via modulation of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and apoptosis
Ji Eun Jeong, Jae Hyun Park, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim, Eun Joo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(6):181-188.   Published online June 22, 2017
Purpose

Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Erythropoietin (EPO) is emerging as a therapeutic candidate for neuroprotection. Therefore, this study was designed to determine the neuroprotective role of recombinant human EPO (rHuEPO) and the possible mechanisms by which mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway including extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), JNK, and p38 MAPK is modulated in...

Review Article
Congenital and perinatal cytomegalovirus infection
Chun Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(1):14-20.   Published online January 15, 2010
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is currently the most common agent of congenital infection and the leading infectious cause of brain damage and hearing loss in children. Symptomatic congenital CMV infections usually result from maternal primary infection during early pregnancy. One half of symptomatic infants have cytomegalic inclusion disease (CID), which is characterized by involvement of multiple organs, in particular, the reticuloendothelial and...
Case Report
Changes in N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide in a neonate with symptomatic isolated left ventricular noncompaction
Ji Hyeun Song, Yeo Hyang Kim, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Tae Chan Kwon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(1):129-132.   Published online January 15, 2009
We describe here our experience with a neonate presenting with cyanosis, grunting, and cardiomegaly, who was diagnosed with isolated left ventricular noncompaction (IVNC) by echocardiography. The patient had high levels of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT pro-BNP) and symptoms of heart failure including poor feeding and tachypnea. During the period in which NT pro-BNP levels steadily increased, the patient suffered...
Supraventricular tachycardia in a neonate with cardiac rhabdomyoma and tuberous sclerosis
In Kug Bang, Yeo Hyang Kim, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Tae Chan Kwon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2008;51(7):766-770.   Published online July 15, 2008
Primary tumors of the heart are uncommon among pediatric patients. Rhabdomyoma is the most frequent cardiac tumor in infants and children, which is commonly associated with tuberous sclerosis. Tuberous sclerosis is a neurocutaneous syndrome affecting the brain, heart, skin, and other organs. Cardiac rhadomyomas are reported in 50-64% of infants with tuberous sclerosis. Tuberous sclerosis involves multiple locations in the...
Original Article
Bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients : A single center study
Sun Mi Park, Byung Kyu Choe, Chun Soo Kim, Joon Sik Kim, Heung Sik Kim, Nam-Hee Ryoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(8):882-888.   Published online August 15, 2006
Purpose : Bacteremia is one of the major concerns in the treatment of pediatric cancer patients. This study was to determine the etiologic agents and the pattern of antibiotic susceptibilities in a single tertiary medical center. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the cases of bacteremia in pediatric cancer patients from 1998 to 2005 in Keimyung University Dongsan...
Case Report
A Case of Weaver Syndrome
Jun Chul Byun, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Tae Chan Kwon, Hee Jung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(11):1216-1219.   Published online November 15, 2004
Weaver syndrome is a very rare overgrowth syndrome with accelerated skeletal maturation, unusual facies and clinodactyly. We experienced an extremely rare case of Weaver syndrome in Korea. The clinical manifestations were macrocephaly, unusal facies, simian crease, clinodactyly, decreased muscle tone, accelerated bone age and congenital heart diseases. We report this with a brief review of related literature.
Original Article
Clinical Findings of Sepsis-Associated Cholestasis in the Neonates
Soo Jung Yoon, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(4):380-385.   Published online April 15, 2004
Purpose : Bacterial endotoxins or inflammatory cytokines are known to be important causes of cholestasis in patients with systemic infections such as sepsis. This study was undertaken to investigate the clinical features of cholestasis in newborn infants with sepsis. Methods : This study included 17 neonates with cholestasis diagnosed at the time of septicemia who had no previous history of cholestasis....
The Significance of the Early Electroencephalographic Findings in Severely Asphyxiated Newborn Infants
Jong Uk Lee, Won Joung Choi, Chun Soo Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Jun Sik Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(8):784-788.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : Perinatal asphyxia occurring in newborn is one of the major causes of acute mortality and chronic neurological disability in survivors. We have studied the relationship between early electroencephalography(EEG) findings and clinical course and neurologic outcome in severe asphyxiated neonates. Methods : Between the period of July 1999 and June 2002, 25 neonates who were diagnosed with severe perinatal asphyxia(1-minute...
Clinical Studies of Measles Prevalence in Western Kyungnam District in 2000
Byoung O Kwon, Hye Young Ju, Jeong Hee Kim, Hwang Jae Yoo, Chun Soo Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(3):331-338.   Published online March 15, 2002
Purpose : To investigate the feature of the range of measles in 2000, we studied epidemics of the measles in western Kyungnam District. Methods : Among 489 patients under 15 years of age who visited or were admitted to in our hospital from January to December in 2000, we selected 344 patients whose measles IgM antibody was positive. We investigated age,...
Megakaryocyte Colony Formation of Fetal Liver Cells
Byung O Kwon, Hye Young Ju, Chun Soo Kim, Dong Seok Jeon, Jong In Kim, Heung Sik Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2002;45(2):247-255.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was undertaken to obtain basic data about the megakaryocyte colony formation of fetal liver cells by using immunocytochemical staining and ex vivo culture with growth factors. Methods : The mononuclear cells were isolated from fetal liver and bone marrow with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) and pancytopenia. These mononuclear cells were cultured in MegaCultTM-C(Stem Cell Tech, Canada) media in...
Surgical Treatment for Intractable Childhood Epilepsy
Yoon Jung Cho, Chun Soo Kim, Joon Sik Kim, Chin Moo Kang, Ji Eun Kim, Sang Do Yi, Eun Ik Son
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(11):1565-1574.   Published online November 15, 1998
Incidence of Congenital Heart Disease in Neonate by Color Doppler Echocardiography
Tae Chan Kwon, Joon Sik Kim, Sang Lak Lee, Myung Sung Kim, Geun Soo Park, Chun Soo Kim, In Joo Kim, Bin Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(3):363-368.   Published online March 15, 1998
Purpose : Many reports exist about the frequency of congenital heart disease(CHD) in the world, but according to the definition of CHD and subjects of study group, many differences existed between the reports. We conducted this study to evaluate the incidence and frequency of CHD by color Doppler echocardiography in neonate, and to suggest a preliminary model of incidence of...
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