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Volume 48(3); Mar 2005
Clinical Lecture
Acute infectious Diarrhea in Pediatirc Patients
Sang Hyuk Ma
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):235-250.   Published online March 15, 2005
Acute diarrhea is one of the most common diseases that are seen in pediatric patients. In the management of acute diarrhea, several differential diagnostic criteria should be considered based on clinical and/or laboratory findings. These criteria include : ① normal variant stool versus diarrhea ② infectious versus non-infectious condition and ③ bacterial versus non-bacterial etiology. The use of antibiotics should...
Medical Lecture Course
CpG DNA for Treatment of Allergic Diseases
Sung Min Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):251-259.   Published online March 15, 2005
Atopy is a highly prevalent and serious health problem. The prevalence and severity of asthma and allergic diseases have increased over recent decades, particularly in industrialized nations. Early life infections may protect against the development of atopy and allergic diseases like asthma. The inverse relationship between the incidence of atopy and childhood infections has led to the 'hygiene hypothesis', which...
Original Articles
Retrospective Study for the Isolation of Influenza Virus and Prevalence Period in Busan from 2000 to 2002
Chang Hwan Oh, Byeong Hee Son, Ki Dae Kim, Jung A Lee, Sung Won Kim, Kyung Soon Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):260-265.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : During epidemics, influenza induces a high mortality and morbidity, and when influenza is prevalent, it is revealed by increased pneumonia, hospitalization due to influenza-like illness, and mortality in community. We aimed at the isolation of influenza virus and prevalence period in Busan from 2000 to 2002. Methods : For 3 years from 2000 to 2002, we analyzed the patterns...
Epidemiology and Clincal Analysis of Acute Viral Respiratory Tract Infections in Children(September, 1998-May, 2003)
Su-Jin Lee, Eon-Woo Shin, Eun-Young Park, Phil-Soo Oh, Kwang-Nam Kim, Hae-Sun Yoon, Kyu-Man Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):266-275.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute respiratory tract infections are the most common illnesses in children. The great majority of these infections involving lower respiratory tracts infections(LRTIs) are caused by respiratory viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus(RSV), parainfluenza virus(PIV), influenza virus (Flu), and adenovirus(ADV), etc. Our purpose was to determine seasonal epidemiology and clinical characteristic features of each viral infection. Methods : Nasopharyngeal aspirate(NPA)s...
Correlation of Body Mass Index, Body Fat Distribution, Aminotranferases and Computed Tomography in Obese Children with Fatty Liver
So Eun Park, Hye Ran Yang, Ju Young Chang, Jae Sung Ko, Jeong Kee Seo, Whal Lee, Woo Sun Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):276-283.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : Visceral fat accumulation plays a major role in metabolic complications of obesity. It is known that nonalcoholic fatty liver in obese adults is associated with visceral fat accumulation. Body mass index(BMI) is used as the index of obesity in children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the correlation of BMI and visceral adipose tissue(VAT), and the...
Clinical Significance of Immature Reticulocyte Fraction and Reticulocyte Cellular Indices in Pediatric Anemia Patients
Young Seo, Hye Lim Jung, Jae Won Shim, Deok Su Kim, Jeong Yeon Shim, Moon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):284-291.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : Flow cytometric automated reticulocyte analysis is a superior method to manual reticulocyte counting, with respect to precision and sensitivity. Furthermore, flow cytometric analysis is able to measure immature reticulocyte fraction(IRF) and reticulocyte cellular indices(RCI : cell hemoglobin content : CHr, mean cell volume : MCVr, cell hemoglobin concentration mean : CHCMr, distribytion width : RDWr, HDWr, CHDWr). In...
Clinical Characteristics of Autoimmune Thyroid Disease Developed in Patients with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Se Min Lee, Hye Rim Chung, Su Young Hong, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):292-297.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : It is known that 3-50 percent of type 1 diabetes mellitus(T1DM) patients develop autoimmune thyroid disease. We analyzed the clinical characteristics of autoimmune thyroid disease(AITD) developed in patients with T1DM in Korean. Methods : The medical records of 139 patients, who were followed up in Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital from Jan. 1981 to Jul. 2004,...
Evaluation of Serum Insulin-Like Growth Factor(IGF)-I, Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein(IGFBP)-2 and IGFBP-3 Levels in Healthy Korean Children
Gi Hoon Yang, Hye Lim Jung, Deok Soo Kim, Jae Won Shim, Jung Yeon Shim, Moon Soo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):298-305.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : We performed this study to evaluate the mean serum levels of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, insulin-like growth factor binding protein(IGFBP)-2 and IGFBP-3 in healthy Korean children according to age and sex. Methods : Ninety two healthy children, consisting of 42 boys and 50 girls, were classified into five groups according to age : neonate; infancy; early childhood; late childhood;...
Benign Transient Hyperphosphatasemia of Infancy and Childhood
Jung Hyun Kwon, Ji Hye Park, Hae Soon Kim, Seung Joo Lee, Mi Ae Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):306-309.   Published online March 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of study is to investigate the clinical manifestations and the etiology of markedly-elevated serum alkaline phosphatase(ALP) levels in children without accompanying liver or bone disease. Methods : The serum ALP and other biochemical laboratory data of 4,989 patients attending the pediatric department of Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital between January 2002 to December 2002 were studied. The...
A Clinical Study on Relationship of Surgical Glove and Back Pain after Lumbar Puncture in Children
Sung Ryoung Han, Wan Suk Choi, Hae Jeong Lee, Hyun Seok Kim, Ju Suk Lee, Kyung Lae Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):310-314.   Published online March 15, 2005
Propose : In this study, we evaluated whether powder on surgical gloves is a cause of postpuncture backpain in children. Mothods : In 164 children with meningitis between July and September 1997, we did not remove powder from surgical gloves. However, in 149 children with menigitis between May and October 2001 the powder was removed from the surgical gloves. Results : Out...
Expression of Toll-like Receptor-2 on the Peripheral Blood Monocytes in Kawasaki Disease Patients
Dae Hwan Hwang, Jung Woo Han, Kyung Min Choi, Kyung Mi Shin, Dong Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):315-320.   Published online March 15, 2005
Objective : Toll like receptor(TLR) is known to be involved in innate immunity. Many microbial antigens stimulate TLR, and as a result of intracellular signal transduction, they activate nuclear factor-kB which produces diverse inflammtory cytokines. Until now, many research topics in Kawasaki disease focused on cytokine increasement. In this study, we aim to reveal TLR increasement which might be associated...
Case Reports
A Case of Multiple Giant Coronary Aneurysms with Large Mural Thrombus due to Kawasaki Disease in a Young Infant
Eun Na Choi, Jeoung Tae Kim, Yuria Kim, Byung Won Yoo, Deok Young Choi, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kye Lee, Dong Soo Kim, Young Hwan Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):321-326.   Published online March 15, 2005
Kawasaki disease is an acute systemic vasculitis of unknown origin. Giant coronary aneurysm is one of the most serious complications, although peripheral artery vasculitis can produce life-threatening events. Myocardial ischemia and infarction can be caused by coronary artery stenosis, aneurysm, and stagnation of blood flow in coronary arteries which triggers thromboembolism. Atypical presentation in young infants often interferes with prompt...
A Case of Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonia in Childhood
Su-Jin Lee, Eon-Woo Shin, Eun-Young Park, Phil-Soo Oh, Kon-Hee Lee, Kwang-Nam Kim, Ho-Seung Shin, Il-Seung Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):327-332.   Published online March 15, 2005
Interstitial lung disease refers to a group of pulmonary disorders characterized by inflammation of the interstitium, derangements and loss of alveolar capillary units leading to disruption of alveolar gas exchange, which induces symptoms of restrictive lung disease. Cases of interstitial pneumonia in children are uncommon and mostly have unknown causes. We have experienced an 8-year old boy who had symptoms...
A Case of Bronchogenic Cyst with Nausea and Epigastric Pain
Ji-Hyun Kim, Kang-Won Rhee, In-Seok Lim, Byung-Hoon Yoo, Eung-Sang Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):333-336.   Published online March 15, 2005
Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies that arise early in gestation from abnormal budding of the developing respiratory system. Mediastinal bronchogenic cysts account for 10-15 percent of all primary mediastinal masses; 63.7 percent of patients are symptomatic. Common symptoms are fever, chest pain, cough, dyspnea, and dysphagia. Gastrointestinal symptoms except dysphagia are rare. It can be life threatening with compression,...
Hyperthyroidism Caused by a Mutation in the Thyrotropin Receptor Gene in Two Brothers
Jae Hyun Kim, Sung Soo Lee, Jung Sub Lim, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):337-341.   Published online March 15, 2005
Thyrotropin receptor(TSHR) mutations must be considered when congenital hyperthyroidism has persisted, but there has been no evidence for autoimmunity. TSHR mutations leading to constitutive activation of the thyroid gland were identified as the molecular cause of autosomal dominant nonautoimmune hyperthyroidism and sporadic congenital hyperthyroidism. We report two cases of hyperthyroidism caused by germline TSHR mutation who presented with exessive sweating...
A Case of Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus Associated with Anti-U1RNP Antibodies
Byung-Hoon Ahn, Gu Chang Lee, Tae Young Yoon, Mi-Jung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(3):342-345.   Published online March 15, 2005
Neonatal lupus erythematosus(NLE) is a distinct subset of lupus characterized by cutaneous findings, cardiac conduction defects, hepatic or hematologic abnormalities. These manifestations are associated with the presence of maternal auto-antibodies such as anti-SSA/Ro, anti-SSB/La, and rarely anti- RNP(U1RNP) antibodies. Cases of U1RNP antibody-positive NLE have somewhat atypical cutaneous manifestation without cardiac or systemic abnormalities. We report a case of cutaneous...
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