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Volume 48(4); Apr 2005
Clinical Lecture
Clinical Approach to Headache in Childhood
Soo Ahn Chae
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):349-354.   Published online April 15, 2005
Headache is a common complaint in pediatric office practices as well as in children presenting to emergency departments. Children who complain of headache usually are brought to medical attention by their parents, who seek reassurance that the headaches are not a sign of a serious illness. The etiologies of headache range from school problems to brain tumors. A history taking,...
Medical Lecture Course
Constipation in Children
Jae Young Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):355-362.   Published online April 15, 2005
Constipation is very common phenomenon during childhood that accounts approximately 3% of general pediatric outpatient visits and up to 25% of visit to the pediatric gastroenterologist. The diagnosis of functional constipation is based on the historical features and absence of physical abnormalities. Most infants and children with chronic constipation require no diagnostic tests. Constipation and subsequent fecal retention behavior often...
Original Articles
Smoking Adolescents' Acquisition of Cigarettes and Status of Proof of Age
Hee Ra Kim, Ji Young Kim, Gee Hyung Lee, Ji Tae Choung, Sang Hee Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):363-368.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : The aim of this study is to identify where and how adolescents acquire cigarettes and how many were asked for identification while purchasing cigarettes. Methods : This study was conducted in 2003; participants were 2,200 students in middle and high schools, aged from 13 to 18 years old(males 1,098; females 1,102) in Ansan, Korea. The questionnaire assured them of...
A Cost-benefit Analysis on Neonatal Screening of Phenylketonuria and Congenital Hypothyroidism in Korea
Hoe Cheol Yoon, Nyeon Cheon Kim, Dong Hwan Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):369-375.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : Many inborn errors of metabolism can be completely cured with early detection and early treatment. This is why neonatal screening on inborn errors of metabolism is implemented worldwide. In this study, a cost-benefit analysis was performed on the neonatal screening of phenylketonuria and congenital hypothyroidism in Korea. Methods : This study included 2,908,231 neonates who took the neonatal screening...
Human Surfactant Protein-A(SP-A) Gene Locus Associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Korean Children
Seung Soo Kim, In Kyu Lee, Jung Ho Ko, Myung Ho Oh, Chong Woo Bae
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):376-379.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : Mycoplasama pneumoniae is a leading cause of pneumonia and exacerbates other respiratory conditions such as asthma. Surfactant protein A(SP-A) is involved in surfactant physiology and surfactant structure, and plays a major role in innate host defense and inflammatory processes in the lung. In this study, SP-A mediated mycoplasma cidal activity. The candidate-gene approach was used to study the...
The Association of Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia with UGT1A1 and CYP1A2 Gene Polymorphism in Korean Neonates
Hoon Kang, Jun Ho Lim, Ji Sook Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim, Sung Do Kim, Hee Jae Lee, Joo Ho Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):380-386.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : The incidence of nonphysiologic neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is twice as high in East Asians as in whites. Recently, UGT1A1 mutation was found to be a risk factor for neonatal hyperbilirubinemia. In congenitally-jaundiced Gunn rats, which lack expression of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, alternative pathways can be stimulated by inducers of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 enzymes. CYP1A2 plays a major role in bilirubin degradation...
Reevaluation of the Neonatal Screening Test for Congenital Hypothyroidism
So Young Kang, Young Pyo Chang, Jeesuk Yu
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):387-394.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : We performed this study to compare the TSH and free T4 levels according to gestational age and birth weight, and to reevaluate the cut-off values in the neonatal screening test for congenital hypothyroidism. Methods : Total 2,133 neonates(1,749 healthy newborns and 384 sick neonates) were screened in Dankook University Hospital from May 2000 to January 2003. Neonates with abnormal...
Risk Factors of Nosocomial Rotavirus Infections in Children
Sin Ae Park, Sun Hee Yu, Seon Woong Lim, Kyung Dan Choi
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):395-400.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose :Rotavirus is one of the most important causes of nosocomial infections among children. The aim of this study is to determine the risk of nosocomial rotavirus infections and to evaluate the effectiveness of breast-feeding and probiotics in the prevention of nosocomial rotavirus infections. Methods : This study was carried out on admitted children without diarrhea between March 1, 2003 and...
Clinical Study of Children Using Home Mechanical Ventilation
Young Joon Ahn, Seung Hyeon Lee, Hyo-Bin Kim, Seong Jong Park, Tae Sung Ko, Soo-Jong Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):401-405.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : The use of mechanically-assisted ventilators at home reduces morbidity and improves the quality of life in children with chronic respiratory failure. But in Korea there is no clinical data of children with home mechanical ventilation. We investigated ventilator types, duration, the causes of failure or death, and the cost needed for care. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the medical...
The Effect of Anticonvulsants on Serum Copper and Zinc Concentrations
Hee Jeong Jeong, Hye Won Youn, Keon Su Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):406-410.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : Anticonvulsants have a number of side effects and some of them may be attributed to a disturbance of serum trace metal homeostasis. Although they are minor building components in tissues, they play important functional roles in the peripheral and central nervous system. We measured serum copper and zinc levels in epileptic children who were treated with anticonvulsants to...
Expression of Nerve Growth Factor during Urinary Bladder Development
Kyoung Eun Lee, Chang Hee Hong, Hee Jung Kang, Dug Ha Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):411-415.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : This study was performed to determine the developmental expression pattern of nerve growth factor(NGF) in the urine of healthy children. It was hypothesized that NGF may contribute to the development of the spinobulbospinal micturition reflex that represents the adult micturition pattern. Methods : Voided urine was collected in 60 healthy children during the first 5 years of life(0-1 month,...
Statistical Analysis of 1,000 Cases of Kawasaki Disease Patients Diagnosed at a Single Institute
Dae Hwan Hwang, Kyoung Mi Sin, Kyong Min Choi, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Dong Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):416-424.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : To find the risk factors associated with coronory artery lesions, non-responsiveness to intravenous immunoglobulin(IVIG) treatment, and recurrences in Kawasaki disease patients. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed 1,000 Kawasaki disease patients who were admitted to Yonsei University Medical Center from September 1990 to December 2003. We compared between responder and non-responder groups to IVIG treatment as well as between relapsed...
Expression of Expanded Polyglutamine Disease Proteins in Drosophila (Drosophila Polyglutamine Disease Models)
Sang Min Shin, Kyung Hoon Paik, Dong Kyu Jin
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):425-432.   Published online April 15, 2005
Purpose : Polyglutamine diseases are a group of diseases caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract in the protein. The present study was performed to verify if polyglutamine disease transgenic Drosophila models show similar dysfunctions as are seen in human patients. Methods : Polyglutamine disease transgenic Drosophila were tested for their climbing ability. And using genetic methods, the effects of...
Case Reports
A Case of Trichobezoar in a Child Who Visited with Intermittent Abdominal Pain, Nausea and Vomiting
Seung-In Ahn, Jung-Suk Yoo, Kyung-Chang Oh, Bong-Lim Kim, Sung-Sub Kim, Yeun-Ho Kim, Jin-Keun Chang
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):433-437.   Published online April 15, 2005
Bezoars are concretions commonly found in the stomach and small bowel, and four types of bezoars have been described based on their composition : trichobezoar, phytobezoar, lactorbezoar, and miscellaneous. Bezoars most often develop after gastric operations that alter the motility, emptying, and grinding of food in the stomach. Trichobezoars are most common in female children with normal gastrointestinal function and...
A Case of Kawasaki Disease with Mycoplasma Pneumonia
Se Min Lee, So Eun Park, Yeun Woo Kim, Jung Yeun Hong
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):438-442.   Published online April 15, 2005
Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile vasculitis that occurs predominantly in young children under 5- years-old. The patients present generally with a high spiking fever that is unresponsive to antibiotics and lasts for more than five days at least. Prolonged fever has been shown to be a risk factor in the development of coronary artery disease. It seems to be...
A Case of Systemic Castleman's Disease in a Child and Successful Treatment with Oral Prednisolone
So Eun Koo, Mee Jeong Lee, Jeong Eun Kim, Joo Ryung Huh, Thad Ghim
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):443-447.   Published online April 15, 2005
Castleman's disease is a rare non-neoplastic lymphoproliferative disorder of unknown etiology. It is divided into three histologic subtypes; hyaline-vascular(HV), plasma cell(PC) type and mixed type (HV-PC). It has two clinical expressions. The localized form, which presents as a slow growing mass, has a relatively benign clinical course. The multicentric form is multilocated and holds significant morbidity. The mainstay of treatment...
A Case of Neurofibromatosis Combined with Ectopic Kidney
Eugene Yang, Bo Hyun Kim, Joon Soo Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):448-452.   Published online April 15, 2005
Neurofibromatosis(NF) is an autosomal dominant disorder, probably of neural crest origin that affects all three germinal layers. It is a group of heterogeneous multisystemic neurocutaneous disorders involving both neuroectodermal and mesenchymal derivatives. Type 1(von Recklinghausen disease) is the most common neurocutaneous disorder among the eight subtypes. Previous reports showed various involvements in the renal organ. Renovascular hypertension is the most...
A Case of Jejunal Juvenile Polyp Presented as Intussusception
Ki Beom Kwon, Mee Yong Shin, Kye Won Kwon, Jae Ock Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2005;48(4):453-456.   Published online April 15, 2005
Single or scattered sequential hamartomatous juvenile polyps are common in the large intestine, especially the rectosigmoid area, where they are usually nonfamilial. Juvenile polyps arising in the small inestine are very rare. Juvenile polyps are usually found in children aged between 1 and 10 years, the majority of cases are between 2 and 4 years of age. Bleeding is the...
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