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Volume 31(10); Oct 1988
Original Articles
Bilirubin-Binding Capacity of Albumin in Korean Neonates.
Jung Bae Lee, Chul Lee, Ran Namgung, Dong Gwan Han, Kyung Son Song
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1259-1266.   Published online October 31, 1988
The binding of bilirubin by albumin is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of kemictems. Free bilirubin hypothesis has led to develop methods to evaluate the binding capacity and affinity of bilirubin to albumin in the plasma. Horseradish peroxidase oxidation of free bilirubin can estimate the level of free bilirubin, bilirubin binding capacity and bilirubin binding affinity. Twenty four term infants...
A Role of Electrolytes in Fetal Tracheal Fluids As a Fetal Lung Maturity Profile.
Dong Hak Shin, Sung Do Yoon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1267-1274.   Published online October 31, 1988
The Fetal lung is filled by fluid from the beginning of the canalicular stage until the completion of fetal development. The fluid is produced by the lungs and flows out of the traches: Part of it is swallowed & part enters the amniotic fluid. The fluid is differs in composition from the plasma & amniotic fluid. Ifs electrolytes components change very little during...
Diagnosis of Meconium Aspiration by Spectrophotometric Analysis of Urine.
Chang Yul Kim, Hye Kyung Bae, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Baek Keun Lim, Joong Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1275-1280.   Published online October 31, 1988
We measured optical density of aqueous extracts of meconium and meconium stained amniotic fluid at 390 nm, 405 nm, 420 nm, 435 nm, 450 nm by spectrophotometry. We also applied the spectrophotometric method to the urine from 25 infants with clinical sign of meconium aspiration and from normal infants. The absorption band at 450 nm observed on the spectra of urine was estimated as...
A Clinical Study of Congenital Choledochal Cyst.
Kyoung Mi Park, Ki Sup Chung, Eui Ho Hwang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1281-1289.   Published online October 31, 1988
A clinical study of 24 patients with congenital choledochal cyst who had been admitted to Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine during the 16 year peroid from January, 1971 to December, 1986 was done. The results were as follows; 1) Of the 24 cases studied, the highest incidence of this cyst, 15 cases (62.5%), was found in children younger than 10 years of age. The...
A Survey of the Distribution of Allergic Diseases in Low Grade Children on Primary School.
Seung Hwan Kim, Seung Joo Kim, Hyun Soo Park, Chung Hun Lee, Hae Sun Yoon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1290-1300.   Published online October 31, 1988
The purpose of this study is to assess the incidence of allergic diseases in lower grade primary school children in Seoul, Chun cheon and Kuri by questionnaires which were completed by their parents. This study was done on 15,009 of possible 20,000 pupils from May to September, 1987. Thirty eight questions were used to elicit information about the relationship between allergic diseases and factors such...
Diagnostic Value of the Lung Perfusion Scan in Foreign body Aspiration.
Ki Hong Park, Chong Woo Bae, Byoung Soo Cho, Sa Joon Chung, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn, Sun Wha Lee, Chang Il Cha
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1301-1307.   Published online October 31, 1988
Lung perfusion scan was performed on 5 young children suspected as foreign body aspiration who had been admitted on the Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University Hospital from May 1986 to January 1988. The results were as follows: 1) All children had been showed perfusion defect as compatible as acute obstructive lung disease by lung perfusion scan and foreign bodies in bronchial tree were proved on...
Non-specific Immunotherapy with Histamine-Gammalobulin Preparations in Chronic Respiratory Group Patients and Non-atopic Asthmatic Children.
Byeung Ju Jeoung, Kyu Earn Kim, Ki Young Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1308-1314.   Published online October 31, 1988
We evaluated the therapeutic effect of non-specific immunotherapy with Histamine- gammahlobulin in 60 patients. Among them 22 patients were chronic respiratory group patients who were under 2 years of age and suffered from frequent respiratory tract infections, and 38 patients were as follows: 1) Excluding the patients who received 9 weeks therapy for the test period, the mean duration of Histamine-gammaglobulin therapy in the chronic respiratory...
Effect of Unilateral Pneumonectomy on the Compensatory Growing Pattern and the Function of the Type II Pneumocyte of the Contralateral Lung in Adult Rabbits.
Il Youl Ma, Jeong Ok Hah, Yong Man Lee, Suck Kang Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1315-1320.   Published online October 31, 1988
In order to confirm the effect of unilateral pneumonectomy on the compensatory growing pattern and the function of the type II pneumocyte in the contralateral lung, pneumonectomy was performed on the right lung of the New Zealand White rabbits. Five days after the surgery, pneumonectomized (PN) and control(CN) rabbits* lung were resected. As a result f the measurement of the left lung weight and...
A Study on Red Cell Distribution Width of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Childhood.
Hong Ryang Kil, Young Hun Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1321-1327.   Published online October 31, 1988
A hematologic study was undertaken on 60 cases of control group and 53 cases of iron deficiency anemia group who visited the outpatient department of Pediatrics, Chungnam National University Hospital from January, 1984 to July, 1987 The results were as follows: 1) In 60 cases of control group between 1 to 15 year, hemoglobin was 12.5±1.7 gm/dl, MCV 82.4± 3.8 fl, and RDW 13.1 ±1.1% and...
High-Dose Cytosine Arabinoside (HD Ara-C) Therapy for Refractory Acute Leukemia in Children.
Il Soo Ha, Hyo Seop Ahn, Chang Yee Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1328-1337.   Published online October 31, 1988
Eleven children with refractory acute leukemia were treated with high dose cytosine arabinoside (HD Ara-C), given at a dosage of 3 gm/m2 intravenously over about one hour every 12 hours for four to eight doses. The antileukemic effects were evaluable in nine of the patients, two with ALL, seven with ANLL. Six of the seven patients with ANLL attained complete remission, while neither...
Studies in Anemia of Infancy and Children During Hospitalization.
Tae Kyu Hame, Jeong Sam Jeon, Kyu Chul Choi, Yong Mook Choi, Chang Il Ahn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1338-1345.   Published online October 31, 1988
This investigational work-ups were studied in 303 cases of anemia including 45 cases of severe degree anemia retrospectively among total inpatients of 3387 in the Department of Pediatrics, Kyung Hee University Hospital for recent two years form Mar. 1985 to Feb. 1987. The results were obtained as follows; 1) The orerall incidence of anemia among total inpatients(3387) was 8.9%(303 case). The incidence of severe anemia was...
A Case of Transient Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus.
Hye Hyun Kim, Kyung Ha Ryu, Keun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1346-1349.   Published online October 31, 1988
Transient Neonatal D.M. is rare disease which is characterized by letharginess, dehydration and weight loss with severe hyperglycemia. It occurs frequently which small for data infant and recovers spontaneously if appropriate insulin treatment was taken. We had expirienced a case of Transient Neonatal D.M. in 15 days old female infant. The review of the literature was made briefly.
A Case of Primary Hyperparathyroidism in Childhood.
Dong Sung Kim, Soon Joo Lee, Kyung Il Lee, Byung Churl Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1350-1357.   Published online October 31, 1988
Primary hyerparathyrodism is rare in children under the age of sixteen and is characterized by conspicuous skeletal and renal changes. An 11 years old male patient who had complained of severe lower back pain, nausea and vomiting since last 3 months, showed typical laboratory and radiological findings of primary hyperparathy roidism. Confirmatory diagnosis was made by elevated serum parathyroid hormone concentration, imaging method by technetium-thallium subtraction...
Three Cases of Single Ventricle with Asplenia.
Bong Shin Lee, Yoo Ho Kim, Byoung Hai Ahn, Young Hee Yoo, Hyun Suk Lee, Jeong Rye Kim, Wook Younm
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1358-1365.   Published online October 31, 1988
Congenital asplenia syndrome is associated with malposition and malformation of other organ system such as congenital heart disease, patial or complete situs inversus, symmetric lobulation of the liver and the lung. This is a rare syndrome but has been reported in increaseing frequency in recent years. We experienced three cases of this single ventricle with asplenia. One is confirmed by autopsy and the others are...
A Case of 4P-Syndrome.
Hong Kyu Lee, Sung Sik Lee, Soon Il Lee, Young Seok Lee, Kweon Ha Son
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1366-1370.   Published online October 31, 1988
The first short arm deletion syndrome in human was described by Lejeune et al. in 1963. This has been labelled the 5p- syndrome. It was given the name ‘cri du chat` because of the characteristic kitten like cry of these patients. Two years later, Wolf et al. demonstrated a second short arm deletion syndrome which had no kitten like cry, but had characteristic...
A Case of Treacher Collins Syndrome.
B I Choo, Y M Jung, S S Kee, U S Shim, H S Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1371-1375.   Published online October 31, 1988
The authors report a 3 days old newborn who showed the abnormalities comprising relatively complete form of Treacher Collins syndrome. These include following findings; 1) Antimongoloid slant of palpebral fissures. 2) Coloboma in outer third of lower lid with absence of cilia medial to coloboma. 3) Large nose with narrow nares and flattened frontonasal angle. 4) Macrostomia with cleft palate. 5) Deformed pinna, extra ear tag, blind fistura, absent external auditory canals,...
A Case of Dapsone Syndrome.
Jeong Kyu Seoh, Hye Kyong Bae, Jae Seung Yang, Eung Deok Choi, Baek Keun Lim, Jong Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1376-1380.   Published online October 31, 1988
Dapsone syndrome is a rare hypersensitivity reaction to Dapsone. The reaction included fever, malaise, dermatitis jaundice with hepatic dysfunction, lymphadenopathy, and hemolytic anemia. We have experienced a case of Dapsone syndrome in a 10 years old male. This patients had taken D.D.S. with 50 mg per day for 1 month to treat an unknown skin disease. After then, above mentioned symptoms and signs were...
A Case of Mediastinal Tuberculous Lymphadenitis.
Hyung Ja Park, Mi Ja Yoon, Shinna Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1381-1384.   Published online October 31, 1988
A case of mediastinal tuberculous lymphadnitis in 5 year old male child was reported. Clinical symptoms were disappeared and chest CT findings showed very much improvement after administra- tion of Isoniazid, Rifampin and Prednisolone for 4 months. A brief review of literature was presented.
A Case of Intestinal Tuberculosis with Huge Retroperitoneal Tuberculous Lymphadenitis Simulating Neoplasm.
Yong Suk Kim, Dong Seok Choi, Keon Su Rhee, Young Hun Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1385-1389.   Published online October 31, 1988
Since the advent of effective antituberculous chomtherapy in the 1940s, the frequency and severity of intestinal tuberculosis have markedly decreased. But the incidence of tuberculous disease is still high in Korea. We have recently experienced a cases of intestinal tuberculosis with huge retroperitoneal tuberculous lymphadenitis simulating neoplasm in 2 year 3 month old female. The cases was reported with the brief review of literatures.
A Case of Pulmonary Squestration.
Byung Sook Park, Jin Oh Kim, Beyong Sang Choi, Chan Uhng Joo, Dae Yeol Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1988;31(10):1390-1393.   Published online October 31, 1988
Pulmonary sequestration is an uncommon congenital malformation charcterized by the presence of nonfunctioning lung tissue which usually has no communciation with the normal bronchial tree and which receives it's blood supply from an anomalous systemic artery instead of pulmonary arterial branch. We have experienced a case of pulmonary sequestration. The patient was 5 10/12 years old girl with the complaint of fever, cough, Chest films...
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