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Volume 44(2); Feb 2001
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura
Kyuchul Choeh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):115-118.   Published online February 15, 2001
Original Articles
Prevalence and Epidemiologic Charicteristics of Chronic Recurrent Headache in Primary School Children
Young-Il Rho, Young-Bong Park, Eun Seok Yang, Sang Kee Park, Eun Youngn Kim, Jong Park, Kyung-Rye Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):119-126.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of chronic recurrent headache and the factors associated with it among primary school children. Methods : The survey was performed by a special questionnaire on one thousand and eleven children in grades 4 to 6 at primary schools from 1 to 30 June 1999 in Gwangju city. Results : Prevalence...
Long-term Clinical Follow-up of Korean Children with Wilson Disease; Twenty Years` Experience
Jin Soo Moon, Jae Sung Ko, Jeong Kee Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):127-138.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : To investigate the clinical features of long-term follow-up, and the treatment responses in Korean children with Wilson disease(WD). Methods : The clinical data from ninety-two children with WD, diagnosed at Seoul National University Hospital from 1976 to 1999, were reviewed. Mean duration of follow-up was 5¡¾4.5 years. We analysed the patient's records based on the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings,...
Relationship between Brain MRI and Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Term Infants with Severe Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy
Sun Young Park, Kyoung Sim Kim, Sung Soo Rim, Byung Soon Kang, Eun Young Kim, Yong Wook Kim, Se Jong Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):139-148.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : We analyzed the relationship between MRI patterns and neurologic outcome and explored the effectiveness of MRI as a tool for predicting the outcome. Methods : We analyzed 23 full term infants with severe HIE retrospectively who were admitted to our NICU from Sep. 1993 to May 1998. Their MRI findings were classified into 4 patterns : type I :...
Treatment Outcome of Penicillin-resistant S. Pneumoniae Infection
Min Sook Choi, Young Won Kim, Dong Soo Kim, Kyung Won Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):149-153.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : Streptococcus pneumoniae is a normal flora and common pathogen of the upper respiratory tract. S. pneumoniae infections are estimated to cause not only localized infection such as pneumonia, and otitis media, but also systemic infections, for example meningitis, sepsis, and so on. Recently, the resistance of S. pneumoniae to penicillin and multidrug has been rapidly increasing in many...
Diagnostic Assessment of Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricular Septal Defect; Comparison of Echocardiogram with Cardiac Angiography
Jung Yun Choi, Jeong Jin Yu, Soo Jung Kang, Jae Seong Son, Young Mee Seo, Jin Young Song, Ho Sung Kim, Eun Jung Bae, Chung Il Noh, Yong Soo Yun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):154-160.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : Patients with pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defects(PAVSD) have been a formidable surgical challenge. The source of pulmonary blood flow and vascular architecture are important in managing the surgical process. This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of echocardiography in this process. Methods : This study was prospectively designed to define the role of echocardiography in PAVSD. Non-invasive evaluations...
Analysis of Malnutrition in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Jeoung Eun Kim, Bo Hwa Choi, Kyung Mo Kim, Jae Kon Ko, Dong Man Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):161-166.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : Malnutrition and failure to thrive have long been recognized as common systemic consequences of congenital heart disease(CHD). But there is little data about the prevalence and severity of malnutrition with CHD in Korea. We designed this study to determine the prevalence of malnutrition among hospitalized children with CHD. Methods : We reviewed 100 hospitalized children with CHD who were...
Study for Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty in Congenital Aortic Stenosis
In Seung Park, Do Jun Cho, Mi Young Han, Jae Young Lee, Soo Jin Kim, Mee-Hye Oh, Eun Jung Bae, Seong Ho Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):167-176.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : The aims of this study are to investigate the results of balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) in congenital aortic stenosis(CAS) and, especially, to compare the results between BAV performed before two months of age(Group A) and BAV after two month of age(Group B). Methods : From January 1993 to June 2000, 14 patients who were diagnosed as CAS were treated...
The Relationship between Change of Cardiac Function and Systemic Oxygen Consumption according to the Dose of Dopamine in the Rabbit
Hee Ju Park, Seok Ho Yoon, Bong Seok Choi, Jung Hwoi Cho, Ku Tae Kim, Sun Young K, Sang Ook Nam, Bok Luel Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):177-184.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : We'd like to know the relationship between the changes of cardiac function and systemic O2 consumption according to the increasing dose of dopamine. Methods : Ten rabbits(from 2kg to 2.8kg) were used in this experiment. Anesthesia was induced with intraperitoneal pentobarbital sodium(35mg/kg) and tracheostomy was done. It was maintained by ventilation with a mixture of 1-3% halothane and 67-69%...
Effects of Vigabatrin on Pilocarpine-Induced Seizures in Immature Rats
Bo Ram Choe, In-Goo Lee, Kyung-Tae Whang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):185-192.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : Vigabatrin is a widely used antiepileptic drug that greatly increases whole brain γ- aminobutyric acid(GABA). But little is known about the anticonvulsant effect of vigabatrin on pilocarpine-induced seizures in the immature rats. This study was conducted to determine the effects of vigabatrin on pilocarpine-induced seizures in the immature rats. Methods : Six to eight day old Sprague-Dawley rats were...
Age-related Results of Skin Prick Test in Children with Allergic Asthma
Jae Sung Son, Yang Park, Yong Han Sun, Myung Hyun Lee, Young Yull Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):193-199.   Published online February 15, 2001
Purpose : Skin reactivity to different allergens may vary with age, since the degree and type of sensitization may be related not only to genetic factors but also to the intensity and duration of exposure to the allergens. The aim of this study was to evaluate profile of sensitization to airborne allergens according to age in children with allergic asthma. Methods...
Case Reports
A Case of Streptococcal Toxic Shock Like Syndrome with Pleural Effusion
Jinyoung Song, Keunha Ji, Heeseuk Kim, Jungwoo Rhoo, Dongwook Kim, Jongkook Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):200-204.   Published online February 15, 2001
Streptococcal toxic shock like syndrome is a rapidly progressive and a fatal disease like staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome. In spite of the wide expansion and development of potent antibiotics, streptococcal infection still threatens human being. Recently we experienced a patient with toxic shock like syndrome who was suffered from fever and neck pain with rapid progression to hypotension and multiorgan...
A Neonatal Case of Symptomatic Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection with Hearing Defect
Sung Jun Jang, Yoon Jung Cho, Sang Lak Lee, Joon Sik Kim, Tae Chan Kwon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):205-210.   Published online February 15, 2001
Cytomegalovirus(CMV) is one of the leading cause of intrauterine infections of man with an incidence ranging from 0.48% to 2.2% of all live births. Although the majority of CMV-infected newborns are clinically asymptomatic at birth, some will have signs of congenital infection : Intrauterine growth retardation, petechial or purpuric rash, microcephaly, anemia, thrombocytopenia, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly and intracranial calcification. We experienced...
A Case of Atypical Benign Partial Childhood Epilepsy
Hae Jung Park, In Joon Seol
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2001;44(2):211-215.   Published online February 15, 2001
We report a case of atypical benign partial childhood epilepsy in a 11 years old male child whose case has been followed up for 6 years. His first symptom was focal seizure of the left side of his face during a drowsy state, followed by focal seizures of left fingers and legs. At that time he had been on phenobarbital...
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