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Volume 51(2); Feb 2008
Review Articles
Clinical aspects of injury and acute poisoning in Korean pediatric patients
Joon Seok Park, Mi Jin Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):116-121.   Published online February 15, 2008
Unintentional injuries are the most important cause of morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population, and the home is the most common site of injury for children in Korea. The most common cause of injury was slip down. Fall down and burn were frequent in infant/toddlers group, automobile and bicycle accident more frequent in preschool children. Findings from the survey...
The common orthopedic problems in parent's concern
Dong Eun Shin, Byung Ho Yoon, Ju Hwan Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):122-128.   Published online February 15, 2008
Roughly one third of medical problems in children are related to the musculoskeletal system. Most of these problems are common and can be precisely diagnosed. For these problems, nonoperative treatment or reassurance can be given by the pediatrician. Occasionally, a problem needs surgical treatment, but a precise diagnosis must be made. There is little agreement about what types of orthopedic...
Preventive dentistry for children
Jin Bom Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):129-133.   Published online February 15, 2008
Dental caries is the first disease to cause the pathological extraction of teeth in children. The complete prevention of dental caries is not achieved by toothbrushing alone. The use of fluoride and pit and fissure sealant is regarded as key tools to prevent dental caries. Fluoride-containing tablets or multi-vitamins and community water fluoridation can be used as systemic application techniques....
Original Articles
A survey of body shape perception and weight control of adolescent girls in three areas of Korea
Yoon Lee, Hye-Kyoung Shin, Byung-Min Choi, Baik-Lin Eun, Sang-Hee Park, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Chol Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):134-144.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : This study aimed to investigate body shape perception, weight control behaviors and eating habits of adolescent girls in urban, suburban and rural areas of Korea to obtain basis for establishing adequate weight control program for adolescent. Methods : From May 2002 to November 2002, a cross-sectional questionnaire survey and physical examination were conducted to examine body shape perception, weight...
Oxygenation index as a respiratory parameter of respiratory distress syndrome in preterm infants
Ji Hyun Jeon, Ran Namgung, Min Soo Park, Kook In Park, Chul Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):145-149.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : To examine whether changes of oxygenation index (OI) by postnatal age were different by the number of surfactant administration, and different between subgroups of survival and death. Methods : From January 2005 to June 2006, preterm infants (n=84) diagnosed as respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) and treated with surfactant and ventilator were included. They were divided into two groups: Group...
The relationship between Gly71Arg and TATA box polymorphism of UGT1A1 gene and prolonged hyperbilirubinemia of breast milk feeding infant in Korean
Jae Myoung Lee, Young Ji Han, Ji Sook Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):150-155.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : It has been known that breast milk cause prolonged unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. UGT1A1 is a important gene of uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) which has a major role of bilirubin metabolism. These findings suggest that there is a relationship between UGT1A1 gene mutation and prolonged jaundice of breast feeding infant. The aim of study was to investigate whether a polymorphism...
Outcome of typhlitis in children with cancer
Jae Min Lee, Kwang Hae Choi, Jeong Ok Hah
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):156-161.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Neutropenic enterocolitis is an acute, life-threatening inflammation of the small and large bowel, often seen in children with malignancies during periods of prolonged or severe neutropenia. The optimal management for typhlitis in pediatric oncology patients has been debateful between operative and nonoperative approaches. The purpose of this study was to review the outcome of medical management of patients...
Efficacy and safety of oxcarbazepine in epileptic children
Hye Kyung Shin, Yoon Lee, Jee-Yeon Lee, Wooksun Choi, So-Hee Eun, Baik-Lin Eun, Young Sook Hong, Joo Won Lee
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):162-169.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Oxcabarzepine (OXC), newly recommended antiepileptic drug, has been prescribed for patients with partial seizures and generalized tonic clonic seizures in Korea from 1999. There are limited reports about an efficacy of OXC therapy in epileptic children in Korea. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of OXC in the light of our experience. Methods : The patients, who had...
Neuroprotective effects of geneticin (G418) via apoptosis in perinatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury
Mi Ju, Hyun Ju Lee, Sun Ju Lee, Eo Su Seo, Hye Jin Park, Kye Yang Lee, Gyeong Hoon Lee, Eun Jin Choi, Jin Kyung Kim, Jong Won Lee, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):170-180.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Some antibiotics were known to exert neuroprotective effects in the animal model of hypoxic-ischemic (H-I) brain injury, but the mechanism is still unclear. A recent study reported that geneticin (G418), an aminoglycoside antibiotic, increased survival of human breast cancer cells by suppressing apoptosis. We investigated the neuroprotective effects of systemically administrated geneticin via anti-apoptosis following the H-I brain...
Relationship between exhaled nitric oxide and pulmonary function test in children with asthma
Han-Seok Ko, Sung-Hoon Chung, Yong-Sung Choi, Sun-Hee Choi, Yeong-Ho Rha
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):181-187.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Asthma is characterized by reversible airway obstruction and bronchial hyperresponsiveness result from airway inflammation. Fraction of nitric oxide in expired air (FeNO) has recently been investigated as a noninvasive measure of airway inflammation. FeNO has been reported to correlate with induced sputum eosinophilia and methacholine challenge test that it is represent severity of asthma. The purpose of this...
Effects of an intensive asthma education program on asthmatic children and their caregivers
Kang Jin Seo, Gun Ha Kim, Byung Keun Yu, Yun Ku Yeo, Jong Hoon Kim, Eu Ddeum Shim, Mi Ri Yoon, Young Yoo, Ji Tae Choung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):188-203.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : Asthma is one of the most common chronic childhood disease. Education of asthmatic children and their families about asthma and its management may improve disease control, reduce symptoms, and improve school performance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of an intensive asthma education program in asthmatic children and their families on outcome measure...
Case Reports
Change of neutrophil count after treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin in children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
Jun Young Park, Ji Ae Park, Seong Shik Park, Young Tak Lim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):204-208.   Published online February 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and course of neutropenia following intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy in children with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). Methods : From January 2001 to June 2006, fifty-four patients with ITP were enrolled in this study. Forty-two of 54 patients were treated with IVIG, while the other 12 were treated with...
Pericardial effusion in three cases of anorexia nervosa
Young Kuk Cho, Su Jin Yang, Jae Sook Ma
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):209-213.   Published online February 15, 2008
In young adolescent girls, anorexia nervosa is a significant cause of weight loss, and hospital admissions among children and adolescents. Anorexia nervosa is a life-threatening disorder, with about one-third of deaths caused by cardiac complications. A high rate of pericardial effusion has been recently reported in patients with anorexia nervosa, although relatively few cases require pericardiocentesis. Here, we describe three...
Palliative effect of 131I-MIBG in relapsed neuroblastoma after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Yong Jik Lee, Jeong Ok Hah
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):214-218.   Published online February 15, 2008
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common extracranial solid tumor of childhood, and treatment of refractory neuroblastoma remains a significant clinical problem. Iodine-131-metaiodobenzylguanidine (131I-MIBG) therapy is an alternative approach to treat stage Ⅳ neuroblastoma. We report the palliative effect of 131I-MIBG in three cases of relapsed neuroblastoma after autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. 131I-MIBG is an effective and relatively...
Small bowel obstruction caused by an anomalous congenital band in an infant
Tae-Jung Sung, Ji-Woong Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(2):219-221.   Published online February 15, 2008
Intestinal obstruction is not uncommon in infants. The common causes of intestinal obstruction in the neonatal period are Hirschsprung disease, intestinal atresia, meconium ileus, and intussusception. However, small bowel obstruction caused by a congenital band is very rare. We report a 27-day-old baby who was admitted with abdominal distension and fever. The abdominal X-ray revealed massive bowel dilatation and the...
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