Previous issues

  • HOME
  • Previous issue
Volume 51(3); Mar 2008
Review Articles
Overview of the national health screening program for infant and children
Baik-Lin Eun, Seong Woo Kim, Young Key Kim, Jung Wook Kim, Jin Soo Moon, Su Kyung Park, In Kyung Sung, Son Moon Shin, Sun Mi Yoo, So Hee Eun, Hea Kyoung Lee, Hyun Taek Lim, Hee Jung Chung
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):225-232.   Published online March 15, 2008
The mission of National Health Screening Program for Infant and Children is to promote and improve the health, education, and well-being of infants, children, families, and communities. Although the term 'diagnosis' usually relates to pathology, a similar diagnostic approach applies to the child seen primarily for health supervision. In the case of health, diagnosis determines the selection of appropriate health...
Changes in birth rates of low birth weight and premature infants in Korea over the past 7 years
Min Hee Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):233-236.   Published online March 15, 2008
In recent years, Korea has experienced a steadily declining birth rate, which is a serious social problem in the country. Although living conditions have improved, the birth rates for low birth weight infants and preterm babies has increased because more and more women choose to give birth later in life and the social environment has changed. The rise in low...
Trends in survival rate for very low birth weight infants and extremely low birth weight infants in Korea, 1967-2007
Ki-Soo Kim, Chung-Woo Bae
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):237-242.   Published online March 15, 2008
To investigate the trends in the survival rate (SR) for very low birth weight infants (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) in Korea, a total of 43 articles pertaining to SR were analyzed, covering the years from 1967 to 2007. The changes in SR were compared using 5 year periods. The SR for VLBWI has increased remarkably, from...
Current status of neonatal intensive care units in Korea
Son-Moon Shin
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):243-247.   Published online March 15, 2008
Neonatal intensive care in Korea has improved remarkably since the 1990s, but there is still a shortage of facilities and equipment in NICUs. Only 71.1% of the beds needed for neonatal intensive care are available. Mechanical ventilators are not appropriately distributed to the NICUs that are equipped to handle neonatal intensive care. The number of doctors is far too small,...
Original Articles
A study on the attitudes of middle school students concerning height
Won Derk Lee, Jae Wook Lieu, Jun Wha Lee, Joo Seok Lee, Kyung Lae Cho
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):248-255.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes of middle-school students about height and their behaviors related to height gain. Methods : One thousand four hundred twenty two middle-school students were included. We requested that the students complete a battery of questionnaires asking about problems associated with height. Results : There was a clear difference between...
The relationship between leptin adiponectin ratio and insulin resistance in healthy children
Gae-Hyun Ahn, Shin-Hye Kim, Eun-Gyong Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):256-261.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Leptin and adiponectin are two representative adipocytokines. Leptin increases, but adiponectin decreases, with obesity and insulin resistance. We aimed to study the relationship between the leptin/adiponectin ratio and insulin resistance in healthy children. Methods : Seventy-seven healthy children (36 boys and 41 girls) were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric measurements were performed, and the percentage of weight for...
Glutathione S-transferase polymorphism of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia in Korean neonates
Chang Seok Kang, Seung Su Hong, Ji Sook Kim, Eun Ryoung Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):262-266.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is a polymorphic supergene family of detoxification enzymes that are involved in the metabolism of numerous diseases. Several allelic variants of GSTs show impaired enzyme activity and are suspected to increase the susceptibility to diseases. Bilirubin is bound efficiently by GST members. The most commonly expressed gene in the liver is GSTM1, and GSTT1 is...
Discrimination between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and primary snoring in children : comparison of clinical parameters and behavioral disturbance
Hyun-Joo Seo, Jae Suk Lee, Hong-Beom Shin, Eui-Joong Kim, Hyun-Joon Shim, Young-Min Ahn
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):267-275.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : To determine whether primary snoring could be distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) by clinical evaluation and symptom scores. Methods : 56 snoring and 20 asymptomatic subjects were recruited and polysomnography was used to confirm that there were 39 OSAS, 17 primary snoring, and 20 control subjects. We evaluated the size of the childrens adenoids and tonsils....
A study on the clinical courses, sigmoidoscopic and histologic findings of allergic proctocolitis
Joo Hee Lee, Sung Shin Kim, Jae Ock Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):276-285.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Allergic proctocolitis is a major cause of bloody stool in early infancy. This study was aimed at ascertaining the clinical courses, sigmoidoscopic and histologic findings of allergic proctocolitis. We also analyzed the relationship between peripheral eosinophilia, the age at symptom onset, and sigmoidoscopic and histologic findings. Methods : We reviewed 25 infants retrospectively who had sigmoidoscopy and biopsy...
Analysis on the association between EEG and 2-deoxy-2-[18F]-D-glucose (FDG)-PET findings in children with epilepsy
Yun Jung Hur, Joon Soo Lee, Jong Doo Lee, Heung Dong Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):286-292.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : We performed EEG and PET on children with epilepsy concomitantly in order to evaluate the effects of epileptiform and non-epileptiform discharge of EEG on glucose metabolism. Methods : Seventy three children with epilepsy who had PET and EEG simultaneously were included in our study. The subjects were classified in two ways: (1) based on the frequency of epileptiform...
Therapeutic response of cyclosporine and outcome in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome
Hyung Soon Choi, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):293-298.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : The aim of our study was to evaluate the therapeutic response to cyclosporine, time to remission and side effects in steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Methods : This study included 22 children with idiopathic SRNS who were treated with cyclosporine between June 1989 and August 2006. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Results : The mean age of patients at diagnosis...
Clinical characteristics and prognostic factors for survival in hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis
Khi Joo Kim, Ki Hwan Kim, Taek Jin Lee, Jin-Kyong Chun, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Dong Soo Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):299-306.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare but fatal disorder characterized by fever, splenomegaly, pancytopenia, and hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow and other tissues. In this study, we investigated the clinical manifestations and prognostic factors in patients with HLH. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed the data from 29 patients who were diagnosed whit HLH in the Severance Children's Hospital from...
Capsaicin induced apoptosis and the enhanced anticancer effect of anticancer drugs in cancer cells
Sun Young Kim, You Jin Lee, Eun Hye Park, Ho Keun Yi, Dae Sun Jo, Jung Soo Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):307-314.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Capsaicin, the major pungent ingredient in red pepper, has long been used in spices and food additives. It has been recently shown to induce apoptosis in several cell lines through a not well known mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate the apoptosis-inducing effect of capsaicin on gastric cancer cells, and to provide valuable information concerning...
Phenotype-genotype correlations and the efficacy of growth hormone treatment in Korean children with Prader-Willi syndrome
Keun Wook Bae, Jung Min Ko, Han-Wook Yoo
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):315-322.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a complex genetic disorder, caused by the deletion of the paternally derived 15q11-13 region or the maternal uniparental disomy of chromosome 15 (mUPD(15)). In this study, we compared phenotypic differences between those patients whose disease was caused by microdeletion and those caused by mUPD(15). In addition, a comparison of the efficacy of growth hormone...
Utility of a forced expiratory flow of 25 to 75 percent as a predictor in children with asthma
Jung Wan Kang, Kyung Won Kim, Eun Soo Kim, Jun Young Park, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu-Earn Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):323-328.   Published online March 15, 2008
Purpose : Asthma is defined as chronic inflammation of the lower small airways, and bronchial hyperreactivity (BHR) is a pathophysiologic feature of asthma. It has been proposed that although there is no direct variable capable of assessing the small airways, a forced expiratory flow of between 25 and 75 percent (FEF25-75) might be considered a more sensitive early marker of...
Case Report
A case of lethal kwashiorkor caused by feeding only with cereal grain
Hyun Ju Lee, Kyung Hye Km, Hye Jin Park, Kye Hyang Lee, Gyeong Hoon Lee, Eun Jin Choi, Jin Kyung Kim, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):329-334.   Published online March 15, 2008
Kwashiorkor is a syndrome of severe protein malnutrition, which manifests itself in hypoalbuminemia, diarrhea, dermatitis, and edema. It can be life-threatening due to associated immune deficiency and an increased susceptibility to infections. Kwashiorkor should be treated early with nutritional support and the control of infection. Dilated cardiomyopathy may develop during the treatment and in such cases a poor prognosis is...
Kim Jip: Comment on neonatal jaundice and exchange transfusion (Soakwa 1959;2:164-70)
Korean J Pediatr. 2008;51(3):335.   Published online March 15, 2008
  • PubMed Central
  • PubMed
  • Scopus
  • Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)