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Volume 36(2); Feb 1993
Clinical study of thyroid disease
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):155-168.   Published online February 15, 1993
Original Articles
Analysis of Foreign Body in the Children's Airway and Follow-up Study
Jae Hong Park, Chan Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):169-178.   Published online February 15, 1993
The autor analysed foreign body in the airway, divided into two groups vegetable foreign body group(VFBG) and non-vegetable foreign body group(N-VFBG), according to the nature, in 88 patients aged from 5 months to 15years who were diagnosed and treated under ventilating bronchos copy at Department of Pediatrics and Otolaryngology, Pusan National University Hospital from 1980 to 1990. Of the 88...
A Study on the Atlantoaxial Instability in Children with Down syndrome
Sa Young Kim, Chan Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):179-184.   Published online February 15, 1993
To evaluate the atlantoaxial instability in children with Down syndrome, the authors analyzed the 97 children with Down syndrome attending to 2 schools for handicaped children in Pusan. The results of study were as follows; 1) The incidence of atlantoaxial instability in 97 individuals with Down syndrome was 8(8.3%) in neutral position and in 10(10.3%) in flexion, respectively. 2) The mean atlantoaxial gap...
The Effect of Long-Term Corticosteroid Treatment on Height Velocity in Childhood
Byung Mun Lee, Chan Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):185-194.   Published online February 15, 1993
The auther analysed 29 patients who were treated with prednisolone, including nephrotic syndrome(13 cases). Acute leukemia (10 cases), bronchial asthma(2 cases), juvenile rheumatoid arthritis(2 cases) and ulcerative colitis(1 cases) patients in childhood, after remission induction, prolonged alternate or interrupted treatment was used. The auther observed patterns of height velocity of these patients from 1.6 to 10.3 years. The results were as...
A Study on the Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Environment
Duk Jin Yun, Jung Kyoo Park, Jong Bok Chung, Jung Mo Nam, Jong Yun Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):195-207.   Published online February 15, 1993
This study was conducted to find out an appropriate means for preventing the juvenile delinquecy(JD), which is supposed to be greatly realted to family environment. The data were collected through a questionnaire survey with a means of writing by themself, to 257 middle and high school students and 309 juvenile delinquetns who were in confinement. The question-naire was consisted of 27...
Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Takayasu's Arteritis
Yong Soo Yun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):208-213.   Published online February 15, 1993
1)Among the 24 involved vessels, 5 renal arteries and one left suclavian artery were occulded totally and they were not candidate for angioplasty. 2)Four brachiocepholic branches, three renal artery, and two abdominal aorta were short segmental narrowing in nature and they were feasible for balloon dilatation, 3)Eight sites of thoracic or abdominal aorta in 5 patients were involved in diffuse long segment...
Serial Doppler Echocardiographic Evaluation of Anthracycline Induced Left Ventricular Dysfunction in Children
Nam Geun Heo, Myung Chul Hyun, Kun Soo Lee, Sang Bum Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):214-222.   Published online February 15, 1993
Anthracycline drugs are chemoterapeutic agents highly effective against a wide range of neoplasms. However, its administration may be complicated by cardiotoxic reactions. There is a continuum of increasing risk with increasing total dose of drug rather than an absolute cutoff point for total dose drug of that should not be exceeded under any circumstances. At the present time it appears that a...
Childhood Infection-associated Hypocalcemia
Mi Reong Kim, Seoung Hwan Kim, Hee-Shang Youn, Chong-Hwa Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):223-231.   Published online February 15, 1993
The causes of hypocalcemia in patients suffering from severe infection including sepsis are largely uncertain. So we measured serum albumin, total protein, cholesterol, PTH, and calcitonin of the infection-associated hypocalcemic chlidren and compared with those of normocalcemic children department of pediatrics of Gyeongsang National University Hospital. Hypocalcemic patients were compared to the decreased amount of serum albumin in the hypocalcemic...
Systolic Pressure Amplification of the Aortic Pressure in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Chan Uhng Joo, Byoung Geun Lee, Sun Jun Kim, Jung Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):232-238.   Published online February 15, 1993
Direct intraarterial measurement of blood pressure is an important diagnostic procedure in critical patients and premature baby care. Direct measurement was more accepted and confident method in physician than the indirect methods. But the presence of a significant amplification of systolic pressure in peripheral artery may lead to important error. So we have investigated the degree of the systolic pressure...
The Secular Trend of Menarcheal Age in Korea
Chang-Ho Hong, Hyung Rae Cho, Kye Suk Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):239-243.   Published online February 15, 1993
The age of puberty represents a very critical time in the life history of every young woman. The menarche stands as primary indicator of the onset of sexual maturation in females. According to 13.5 years of age in 1980s. This findings show a pronounced secular trend to earlier maturation. The purpose of this study is to determine (1)the average age at...
Surfactant Replacement Therapy in Neonates with Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Collective Evaluation of Trials from 16 Hospitals
CW Bae, YD Kwon, SJ Ko, KS Kim, HM Kim, WS Park, SH Byun, CS Son, HS Ahn, SG Lee, YP Chang, YJ Chung, KS Cho, KH Cho, KC Choeh, MJ Chey, JH Choi, JK Yoon, CI Ahn, S Chida, T Fujiwara
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):244-265.   Published online February 15, 1993
Surfactant replacement therapy in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) has been introduced in our country since May 1990. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect and short-term outcome of surfactant replacement for neonatal RDS using collective data of uncontrolled trials from different hospitals in Korea. For the period May 1990 to Dec. 1991, a total of 68...
Urinary Vitamin C Loading Test and Therapeutic Effect of Vitamin C in Children with Idiopathic Recurrent Epistaxis
In Soon Park, Woo Yeong Chung, Soon Yong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):266-272.   Published online February 15, 1993
Recurrent epistaxis is not one of rare symptoms in children, the well-known causes of which are anatomical abnormalities of nasal cavity and systemic bleeding tendency. But, in the majority of cases of recurrent epistasix, it is usually very difficult to find out their underlying causes, so that the treatment is only symptomatic control of nasal bleeding whenever epistaxis occurs, but...
Case Reports
A Case of Xanthogranulomatous Pyelonephritis in Child
Sa-Young Kim, Byung-Mun Lee, Soo-Young Kim, Hee-Joo Jeon, Chan-Yung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):273-279.   Published online February 15, 1993
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis, and uncommon chronic inflammatory renal disorder of middle-aged women, is rarely seen in childhood. A 10 year-old boy with focal type of this disease in upper and lower pole was experienced. Patient had a intermittent fever and right flank pain without palpable mass. The blood analysis only revealed ESR increase but no anemia, no leukocytosis. There nothing abnormal....
A Case of Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty in Takayasu Arteritis
Hyun Cheol Lee, Moon Sang Park, Won Kyu Choi, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Hae Yong Lee, Beak Keun Lim, Hyung Goo Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):280-286.   Published online February 15, 1993
Takayasu arteritis is a chronic inflammatory arteriopathy of unknown etiology affecting large vessels, particulary the aorta and its main branches. We experienced a case of Takayasu arteritis type III in a 9 years old girl. The diagnosis was made by physical examinations and digital subtration aortography(DSA) which showed occulsion of left subclavian artery and left renal artery and stenosis of abdominal...
Two Cases of Arnold-Chiari Malformation type II
Woo-Ki Lee, Hyui-Sung Chang, Seok-Kyu Lee, Ewng-Won Park, Kwang-Woo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):287-291.   Published online February 15, 1993
Arnold-Chirai malformation type II is congenital disorder which consists of downward displacement into upper cervical spinal canal of parts of the cerebellum, 4th ventricle, and medulla oblongata. We experienced two cases of Arnold-Chiari malformation with lumbar meningomyelocele, hydrocephalus. We confirmed the cases by brain C-T and report with brieft review of the lilterature.
A Case of Virilizing Adrenocortical Adenoma
Seung Hee Lee, Gwang Goog Min, Byung Churl Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1993;36(2):292-297.   Published online February 15, 1993
This is a case report of virilizing adrenal cortical adenoma in 22 month old male patient who was diagnosed by clinical features, endocrinological studies, radiologic studies and pathologic findings. During surgery, a 40gm well-encapsulated tumor was removed from the right adrenal gland. Histologic examination revealed no capsulr invasion and a diagnosis of adrenocortical adenoma was made. He is in well condition...
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