Article 60(1); Jan 2017
Review Article
Neurology
Malformations of cortical development: genetic mechanisms and diagnostic approach
Jeehun Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(1):1-9.   Published online January 31, 2017

Malformations of cortical development are rare congenital anomalies of the cerebral cortex, wherein patients present with intractable epilepsy and various degrees of developmental delay. Cases show a spectrum of anomalous cortical formations with diverse anatomic and morphological abnormalities, a variety of genetic causes, and different clinical presentations. Brain magnetic resonance imaging has been of great help in determining the exact...

Original Articles
Neonatology (Perinatology)
The influencing factors on procalcitonin values in newborns with noninfectious conditions during the first week of life
Jueseong Lee, Yong Hyeon Bang, Eun Hee Lee, Byung Min Choi, Young Sook Hong
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(1):10-16.   Published online January 16, 2017
Purpose

Although procalcitonin (PCT) level is useful for the diagnosis of neonatal sepsis, PCT reliability is inconsistent because of the varied conditions encountered in neonatal intensive care units. This study aimed to investigate PCT levels and factors influencing increased PCT levelin newborns without bacterial infection during the first week of life.

Methods

In newborns hospitalized between March 2013 and October 2015, PCT levels...

General Pediatrics
The correlation of depression with Internet use and body image in Korean adolescents
Chang Hoon Lim, Eun Ji Kim, Jong Hyun Kim, Jue Seong Lee, Yoon Lee, Sang Hee Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(1):17-23.   Published online January 24, 2017
Purpose

To examine the correlation of depression with Internet use and body image perception, and to analyze the risk factors of depression in a total of 920 students in Seoul, Korea.

Methods

Students were recruited by contacting school principals and teachers and were encouraged to fill out a self-report questionnaire designed specifically for this study in July of 2008.

Results

Female participants had an increased...

Cardiology
The outcome of short-term low-dose aspirin treatment in Kawasaki disease based on inflammatory markers
Jae Won Yoo, Ji Mok Kim, Hong Ryang Kil
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(1):24-29.   Published online January 24, 2017
Purpose

Previously, Kawasaki disease (KD) treatment with low-dose aspirin was administered for 6–8 weeks after the acute phase. However, inflammatory marker levels normalize before 6–8 weeks. In this study, we aimed to investigate the clinical outcome of short-term low-dose aspirin treatment based on inflammatory and thrombotic marker levels.

Methods

We performed a retrospective review of the medical records of patients with KD who...

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