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Review Article
Environmental changes surrounding congenital heart disease
Eun-Young Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2023;66(8):332-338.   Published online January 2, 2023
· As the number of patients with congenital heart disease increases, the medical burden increases.
· Various fusion imaging techniques using percutaneous procedures have been introduced.
· With advances in technology, convenient ambulatory devices have been introduced.
· A well-organized team approach is required to resolve advanced heart failure in patients with congenital heart disease.
Original Article
Seroprevalence of maternal peripartum human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-1 infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the Nigerian literature
Abdulrasheed Usman, Muhammad Hamis Musa, Bukhari Isah Shuaib, Olayemi Balogun, Mukhtar Adeiza
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2023;66(7):307-316.   Published online December 22, 2022
The peripartum period is an important transmission time for human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) infection, mainly via breastfeeding and partly through the placental tissues of carrier mothers. Although most HTLV-1–infected individuals are asymptomatic, fetal and childhood infections often result in several diseases with disappointing treatment outcomes. An estimated HTLV-1 burden in Nigeria among perinatal women must be determined to enable rational planning of a comprehensive health care intervention.
Review Article
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Pediatric kidney transplantation is different from adult kidney transplantation
Min Hyun Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2018;61(7):205-209.   Published online July 15, 2018
Kidney transplantation (KT) is the gold standard for renal replacement therapy in pediatric patients with end-stage renal disease. Recently, it has been observed that the outcome of pediatric KT is nearly identical to that in adults owing to the development and application of a variety of immunosuppressants and newer surgical techniques. However, owing to several differences in characteristics between children...
Management issues of congenital adrenal hyperplasia during the transition from pediatric to adult care
Jin-Ho Choi, Han-Wook Yoo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2017;60(2):31-37.   Published online February 27, 2017

Steroid 21-hydroxylase deficiency is the most prevalent form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), accounting for approximately 95% of cases. With the advent of newborn screening and hormone replacement therapy, most children with CAH survive into adulthood. Adolescents and adults with CAH experience a number of complications, including short stature, obesity, infertility, tumor, osteoporosis, and reduced quality of life. Transition from...

Temporal lobe epilepsy surgery in children versus adults: from etiologies to outcomes
Yun-Jin Lee, Joon Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2013;56(7):275-281.   Published online July 19, 2013

Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is the most common type of medically intractable epilepsy in adults and children, and mesial temporal sclerosis is the most common underlying cause of TLE. Unlike in the case of adults, TLE in infants and young children often has etiologies other than mesial temporal sclerosis, such as tumors, cortical dysplasia, trauma, and vascular malformations. Differences in...

Original Article
Development of metabolic syndrome and its correlation with insulin resistance in adult patients with Turner syndrome
Joo Hwa Kim, Min Jae Kang, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(3):370-375.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : The risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and cardiovascular disease in Turner syndrome (TS) patients is high. We analyzed metabolic factors in adults with TS and evaluated the metabolic risk of insulin resistance. Methods : Forty-three adults with TS were enrolled. The frequency of MS and the values of the metabolic factors were analyzed. Patients were divided into insulin...
Comparison of predicted adult heights measured by Bayley-Pinneau and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 methods in normal children, those with precocious puberty and with constitutional growth delay
Yeon Joung Oh, Byung Keun Yu, Jung Yeon Shin, Kee-Hyoung Lee, Kwang Chul Lee, Chang Sung Son
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(3):351-355.   Published online March 15, 2009
Purpose : This study compared bone ages measured by the Greulich-Pyle (GP) and Tanner-Whitehouse 3 (TW3) methods and investigated the differences in predicted adult heights measured by Bayley-Pinneau (BP) and TW3 methods. Methods : Bone ages were assessed from left-wrist radiographs by two investigators, one for each GP and TW3 methods in 85 normal children, 30 precocious puberty girls, and...
Factors for persistent growth hormone deficiency in young adults with childhood onset growth hormone deficiency
Young Ah Lee, Hye Rim Chung, Se Min Lee, Jae Hyun Kim, Ji Hyun Kim, Sun Hee Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2009;52(2):227-233.   Published online February 15, 2009
Purpose : Growth hormone (GH) replacement after retesting is necessary because impairment of body composition and cardiovascular health has been more severe in adult patients with persistent GH deficiency (GHD) from childhood to adulthood. This study aimed to investigate the factors for persistent GHD and define a highly probable group of persistent GHD in young adults with childhood-onset GHD. Methods :...
Growth promoting effect of short-term gonadotropin releasing hormone agonist with or without growth hormone in girls with early puberty
Eun-Ju Lee, Heon-Seok Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(2):198-204.   Published online February 15, 2007
Purpose : The hope that arresting pubertal developement might increase final adult height has led to an attempt to use GnRH agonist (GnRHa) in children with early puberty and poor growth prognosis. We investigated the growth-promoting effect of GnRH agonists with or without growth hormone (GH) in girls with early puberty and decreased predicted adult height (PAH). Methods : Thirty five...
Factors affecting the final adult height in survivors of childhood brain tumors
Kyong-Ah Yun, Young Ah Lee, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang, Hee Young Shin, Hyo Seop Ahn, Il Han Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(1):65-73.   Published online January 15, 2007
Purpose : Short stature is an important complication that impairs the quality of life in survivors of childhood brain tumors. We studied their final adult height (FAH) to evaluate risk factors for short stature. Methods : We reviewed the medical data of 95 survivors of childhood brain tumors (64 males and 31 females) who had been followed up from 1982 to...
Review Article
Medical management of adults with congenital heart disease
I-Seok Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(9):937-945.   Published online September 15, 2006
The population of adult patients with congenital heart disease(CHD) has increased dramatically because of improved survival of infants and children with CHD. There are still a substantial number of adults with unrepaired CHD. Many adult patients do not know the possible problems of their disease such as ventricular dysfunction, arrhythmia, and what they should pay attention to. They often consider...
Original Article
Effect of GnRH analogue on predicted adult height in girls with early puberty
Byung-Hoon Ahn, Heon-Seok Han
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2006;49(5):552-557.   Published online May 15, 2006
Purpose : The recent results observed in precocious puberty and the hope that interrupting puberty might increase adult height have led to an attempt to use GnRH agonist(GnRHa) in children with premature puberty and a poor growth prognosis. We aimed to analyze the growth promoting effect of GnRHa in girls with early puberty and low predicted adult height(PAH). Methods : Thirty...
Different Clinical Courses of Henoch-Sch nlein Purpura in Children, Adolescents and Adults
Joo Hee Hong, Hyung Joon Na, Mee Kyung Namgoong, Seung Ok Choi, Byng Geun Han, Soon Hee Jung, Hwang Min Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(11):1244-1251.   Published online November 15, 2005
Purpose : Henoch-Sch nlein purpura(HSP) is the most common and benign systemic vasculitis in children. Few reports have focused on worse outcomes of HSP in adults. The age of onset is suggested as a main risk factor. We assessed the characteristics of adolescent-onset HSP. Methods : We retrospectively analyzed 205 cases presented from Aug. 1993 to Oct. 2003. Patients were classified...
Medical Lecture Course
Endogenous Neurogenesis in Postnatal Brain
Yun Sil Chang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(8):806-812.   Published online August 15, 2005
Repair mechanisms in the postnatal and mature central nervous system(CNS) have long been thought to be very limited. However recent works have shown that the mature CSN contains neural progenitors, precursors, and stem cells that are capable of generating new neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes especially in germinative areas such as the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricles, the dentate gyrus...
Original Article
Factors Affecting Final Adult Height in Patients with Turner Syndrome
Jae Hyun Kim, Sung Soo Lee, Su Young Hong, Hye Rim Chung, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(2):191-196.   Published online February 15, 2005
Purpose : Short stature is one of the characteristic features of Turner syndrome. We investigated the factors affecting final adult height(FAH) in patients with Turner syndrome. Methods : The study group was comprised of 60 patients who were diagnosed with Turner syndrome by chromosomal study and clinical phenotypes and attained FAH. Data were obtained from retrospective review of the medical records....
Factors Affecting the Increments of Body Mass Index in Adult Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumors
Jae Ho Yoo, Sung Yeon Ahn, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2004;47(9):970-977.   Published online September 15, 2004
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting the increments of body mass index(BMI) in adult survivors from childhood brain tumors. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 63 patients who were diagnosed with brain tumors and treated at Seoul National University Children's Hospital between 1982 and 2000. We evaluated the factors affecting adult BMI(aBMI)...
Factors Affecting on Final Adult Height and Total Height Gain in Children with Idiopathic and Organic Growth Hormone Deficiency after Growth Hormone Treatment
Im Jeong Choi, Jin Soon Hwang, Choong Ho Shin, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(8):803-810.   Published online August 15, 2003
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting the final adult height and total height gain in idiopathic and organic growth hormone deficient(GHD) children after growth hormone(GH) treatment. Methods : Thirteen patients with idiopathic GHD and 22 patients with organic GHD who had been treated with GH and attained adult final height were included in this...
Follow-up in Adult after Total Repair of Tetralogy of Fallot
Gi Young Jang, Sun Young Kim, Joo Ryung Moon, Joon Huh, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Tae Gook Jun, Pyo Won Park, Heung Jae Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(7):661-667.   Published online July 15, 2003
Purpose : This study was performed to find the chief clinical problems associated with the ages of adult patients of tetralogy of Fallot(TOF) who had undergone total correction. Methods : Of the 30 patients who were registered at the Grown-Up Congenital Heart Disease (GUCH) Clinic of Samsung Medical Center for TOF, a retrospective investigation was carried out on 28 patients who...
Factors Affecting the Presence of Menarche and Final Adult Height in Adult Female Patients with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia of 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency
Seong Yong Lee, Chae Kyoung Song, Min Ho Jung, Jin Soon Hwang, Sei Won Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(1):75-82.   Published online January 15, 2001
Purpose : Amenorrhea and short stature are serious complications in patients with congenital adrenal hyperplasia of 21-hydroxylase deficiency(CAH). We analysed several factors influencing the presence of menarche and final adult height in these patients. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 24 female patients with CAH. We analysed possible factors affecting the menarche and final adult height, such as clinical...
Typing of Epstein-Barr Virus in Healthy Korean Children and Adults
Jin Han Kang, Jae Kyun Hur, Joeng Hyun Kim, Ahn Hee Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(5):644-649.   Published online May 15, 2000
Purpose : Recently, the list of Epsterin-Barr Virus(EBV)-associated diseases has been growing. It is now known that there are two types(type 1 & 2) of EBV, but it has yet to be fully investigated as to whether type B EBV differs in any way from type A virus in terms of geographical distribution or disease association. We performed this study...
Case Report
A Case of Severe Pulmonary Complication and ARDS Secondary to Peanut Aspiration in 15 Month Old Male
Sung Keun Moon, Chang Keun Kim, Churl Young Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(3):423-428.   Published online March 15, 1997
Foreign body aspiration(especially peanut) is the leading cause of accidental death in children under 1 year of age and most cases of serious aspiration occur between the age of 1 and 3. We report a case of severe pulmonary complication and adult respiratory distress syndrome(ARDS) secondary to peanut aspiration in 15 month old male in spite of all removal(9 pieces) by ventilating bronchoscope. Chest...
Original Article
The Effect of Long-Acting Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Analog on the Growth Velocity and Final Adult Height in the Children with True Precocious Puberty
Sei Won Yang, Hyung Ro Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(3):309-316.   Published online March 15, 1994
The final adult height in the children with true precocious puberty are destined to be short due to excessive bone maturation, compared to the growth velocity, regardless of its etiologies. To improve this final shortness, long-acting GnRH analog have been tried to the children with true precocious puberty. We evaluated the parameters of the growth, including the growth velocity, height...
The Correlation between the Bone Age and Predicted Adult height, Final Adult Height in the Children with Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, Especially 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency
Sei Won Yang, Hyung Ro Moon
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(3):300-308.   Published online March 15, 1994
We studied the correlation between the bone age and the predicted adult height, final adult height in the 69 children (30 salt losing form and 39 non-salt losing form) diagnosed as 21-hydroxylase deficiency, retrospectively. The results were as belows; 1) The bone age was similar to the chronological age in the children with salt-losing form (5.3±3.5 years, respectively), but the bone age...
Case Report
2 Cases with Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Infant and Young Child
Hye Jung Joo, Im Jae Park, Joon Soo Lee, Soo Young Lee, Byeung Ju Jeoung, Kyu Earn Kim, Ki Young Lee, Hyunee Yim, Soon Won Hong, Woo Hee Jung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(8):1118-1126.   Published online August 15, 1992
Adult respiratory distress syndrome has been described as a clinical syndrome of respiratory distress and need for mechanical ventilation with positive end-expiratory pressure, diffuse pulmonary infiltration on thoracic roentgenogram, impaired pulmonary compliance, decreased lung volumes and capacities, increased alveoloarterial oxygen gradient and hyaline membrane formation. It is the clinical manifestation of injury to the terminal alveolocapillary unit as a result...
Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Infancy
Hoo Jae Hann, Young Mi Hong, Seung Joo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(2):245-251.   Published online February 15, 1992
Adult Respiratory distress Syndrome (ARDS) is a clinical entity characterized by respiratory distress and diffuse pulmonary infiltrates due to increased permeability after various kinds of insult to alveolar-capillary membrane. We experienced a case of ARDS in a 3-1/2 month old girl after Pseudomonas pneumonia, cardiac arrest and generalized convulsion. This is the report on her clincal and autopsy findings with brief review...
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