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Volume 45(2); Feb 2002
Clinical Lecture
Surgical Candidates for Intractable Pediatric Epilepsy
Tae Sung Ko
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):159-165.   Published online February 15, 2002
Original Articles
A Study on the Status of Utilization and Criteria for Selection of Medical Care Facilities of Elementary School Children
Seung Pyo Han, Eun Young Kim, Young Il Rho, Eun Seok Yang, Sang Kee Park, Yeong Bong Park, Kyung Rye Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):166-173.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : The aim of this study is to find out the distribution of illness, patterns of medical care utilization and factors determining medical care utilization in elementary school children. Methods : We performed the questionnaires in Gwangju city on 2,036 children of two elementary schools from June 1 to June 30, 1998. Results : The prevalence rate of illness was 32.3%....
The Prevalence of Obesity and Underweight in Adolescents in Incheon Area and the Relationship between Serum Cholesterol Level and Obesity
Myung Hyun Kim, Tae Wan Kim, Young Jin Hong, Byong Kwan Son, Soo Hwan Pai, Kyung Ja Chang, Soon Ki Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):174-182.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of obese and underweight adolescents in Incheon area and to examine the relationship between serum cholesterol level and obesity, then to assess the nutritional condition of adolescents. Methods : With a questionnaire regarding their demographic characteristics, blood samples were obtained from apparently healthy students aged 12 to 24 years...
Characterization of Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Genetic Mutations in One Korean X-linked Agammaglobulinemia Family
Eun-Kyeong Jo, Chang-Hwa Song, Jeong-Kyu Park, Young-Jong Baek, Hye-Young Rhu, Jae-Ho Lee, Tai-Ju Hwang, Hoon Kook
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):183-191.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : X-linked agammaglobulinemia(XLA) is an immunodeficiency caused by abnormalities in Bruton's tyrosine kinase(Btk), and is characterized by a deficiency of peripheral blood B cells. We studied the cytoplasmic expression of Btk protein and analyzed the Btk gene in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from two siblings and one cousin with XLA, as well as additional family members. Methods : Btk...
Estimation of the Possible Age for Using Various Types of Inhaler by In-Check Inspiratory Flow Meter(TM)
Kyung Hyun Jung, Sun Ye Kim, Jun Ho Lee, Kye Sung Kim, Yook Jang, Man Yong Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):192-198.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : It is important to select and use kinds of Inhaler appropriate to the age of the patient and severity of symptoms. Several kinds of Inhaler have been developed and recommended according to each inhaler's resistance and usage method. We evaluated the usable age of 4 inhalers (turbulent flow inhalers, multi unit dose inhalers, breath actuated MDI, and autohalers)...
Conversion of Total Atrio-pulmonary Connection to Total Cavo-pulmonary Connection - Review of Indications and Hemodynamic Characteristics -
Jung Ho Seo, Jong Kyun Lee, Jae Young Choi, Jun Hee Sul, Sung Kyu Lee, Young Whan Park, Bum Koo Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):199-207.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : Since the successful application of total atrio-pulmonary connection(TAPC) to patients with various types of physiologic single ventricles in 1971, post-operative survival rates have reached more than 90%. However some patients have been shown to present with late complications such as right atrial thrombosis, atrial fibrillation and protein losing enteropathy eventually leading to re-operation to control the long-term complications....
Serial Changes of Cardiac Troponin I After Pediatric Open Heart Surgery
Yeo Hyang Kim, Myung Chul Hyun, Sang Bum Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):208-213.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : The major cause of cardiac dysfunction, after open heart surgery for congenital heart disease, is perioperative myocardial injury. Cardiac troponin I is found only within the myocardial cell, so it can be used as a biochemical marker of the myocardial injury. We performed this study to evaluate the worth of cardiac troponin I as a biochemical marker reflecting...
Assessment of Left Ventricular Function with Echocardiography in Patients Treated with Adriamycin : A Load-Independent Index of Myocardial Contractility and Comparisons between Rest and Exercise
Pyoung Soo Park, Hye Young Park, Hae Yong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):214-222.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : The aim of this study was to evaluate myocardial injury in children treated with adriamycin by echocardiography, which is non-invasive and safe measurement for children. Methods : Left ventricular dimensions, wall stress, and contractile function were determined by echocardiographic methods in 17 patient recepients with adriamycin chemotherapy at rest(group 1) and during stress(group 2). Twenty age-matched normal subjects were...
Optimal Timing of Surgery of Hydronephrosis Due to Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction in Neonates and Infants
Seung Ju Ha, Ji Hyun Jung, Byeong Seon Lee, Kun Seok Kim, Dae Hyuk Moon, Young Seo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):223-231.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : We review our experience with pyeloplasty for unilateral ureteropelvic junction obstruction of moderate to severe hydronephrosis observed by prenatal ultrasonography to assess the appropriate timing of operation for recovery of renal function and obstruction. Methods : We retrospectively reviewed the records of the total 28 patients who underwent pyeloplasty between 1995 and 2001 at Asan Medical Center. We compared...
Clinical Study of Renal Cystic Diseases in Children
Ja Hyung Kim, You Jeong Kim, Byeong Seon Lee, Tae Sung Ko, Young Seo Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):232-239.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : Renal cystic diseases comprise a mixed group of heritable, developmental and acquired disorders. Recently the use of imaging modalities such as ultrasonography and radionuclide scanning has increased the detection rate of renal cystic diseases. We studied to review the clinical features and treatment of renal cystic diseases in children. Methods : This study was performed in 95 children with...
Clinical Study of the Correlation of Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha and the Proteinuria of Henoch-Schönlein Nephritis and Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome
Dong-Ho Jeong, Jeong-Hyun Park, Hye-Cheon Jeong, Hyun-Hoe Koo, Jun-Ho Lee, Tae-Sun Ha
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):240-246.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : It is not clear that the development of glomerular injury and aggravation by tumor necrosis factor alpha(TNF-α) is related to intrarenal or serum concentration of TNF-α. So, we studied the relationship between the concentration of TNF-α and aggravation of glomerular damage in the Henoch-Schönlein nephritis(HSN) and idiopathic nephrotic syndrome(INS). Methods : We collected the sera and urines of...
Megakaryocyte Colony Formation of Fetal Liver Cells
Byung O Kwon, Hye Young Ju, Chun Soo Kim, Dong Seok Jeon, Jong In Kim, Heung Sik Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):247-255.   Published online February 15, 2002
Purpose : This study was undertaken to obtain basic data about the megakaryocyte colony formation of fetal liver cells by using immunocytochemical staining and ex vivo culture with growth factors. Methods : The mononuclear cells were isolated from fetal liver and bone marrow with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) and pancytopenia. These mononuclear cells were cultured in MegaCultTM-C(Stem Cell Tech, Canada) media in...
Case Reports
MRI Finding of a Case of Relapsed Acute Mixed Type Leukemia with Bone Marrow Necrosis
Joo Young Park, Euk Park, Seat Byeoul Park, Dong Seok Jeon, Hee Jung Lee, Heung Sik Kim, Chin Moo Kang
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):256-260.   Published online February 15, 2002
Bone marrow necrosis is a rare complication of a variety of diseases affecting the marrow. The cause and incidence are unknown, and reports of treatment response are rare. We describe a case of relapsed acute mixed type leukemia with bone marrow necrosis. The patient was a 10 year old female diagnosed with acute mixed type leukemia four years ago. She...
A Case of Vascular Ring Associated with Tracheitis Due to Type b Haemophilus influenzae
Su Hyun Kim, Yoon Sook Chung, Sung Hee Oh, Nam Su Kim, Hyuck Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):261-266.   Published online February 15, 2002
Vascular ring, originating from abnormal regression of the aortic arch during fetal life, can cause prolonged and recurrent respiratory symptoms and dysphagia when the diagnosis is delayed. We report a 4 month old girl with vascular ring, who had been treated for persistent respiratory symptoms including stridor, wheezing, and dyspnea soon after birth. Initially her respiratory symptoms were thought to...
A False Diagnosis of Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome in a Fetus
Youn Jeong Shin, Sung Hee Jang, Jung Yun Choi, Eun Sook Han
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):267-272.   Published online February 15, 2002
Typical hypoplastic left heart syndrome(HLHS) is a distinct pathologic entity with aortic atresia, mitral atresia, very hypoplastic or absent left ventricle and thread like ascending aorta. Occasionally, the lesser degree of hypoplasia is found and is called hypoplastic left heart complex(HLHC) by some authors. This HLHC is often associated with critical aortic stenosis. Fetal echocardiography has enabled us to observe...
A Case of 4q Deletion with Partial Agenesis of Corpus Callosum
Mi Na Kang, In Suk Lim, Byeong Eui Kim, Myoung Jae Chey, Sang Woo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):273-277.   Published online February 15, 2002
Syndrome of 4q deletion is characterized by an abnormal shape of the skull, craniofacial dysmorphism, cardiovascular malformations, genitourinary defects, limb and digital anomalies, and developmental delay. We experienced a case of 4q interstitial deletion in a 2 day-old female neonate who showed short extremities, partial agenesis of corpus callosum and congenital heart defects. We report the case with a brief...
Two Cases of Hydrometrocolpos in Neonate
Min Young Park, Bo Ra Son, So Young Kim, Young You Kim, Hyun Hee Kim, Won-Bae Lee, In Kyung Sung, Chung Sik Chun, Su Aa Lim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2002;45(2):278-283.   Published online February 15, 2002
Imperforated hymen, vaginal atresia or high transverse vaginal septum are caused by incomplete vaginal canalization. The infant may be present with distention of the vagina and the uterus with glandular secretions stimulated by maternal estrogens, known as hydrometrocolpos. We report two cases of hydrometrocolpos. In the first case, distal vaginal atresia with cystovaginal fistula was revealed by a contrast fluoroscope...
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