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Original Article
Nephrology (Genitourinary)
Acute tubular necrosis as a part of vancomycin induced drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms syndrome with coincident postinfectious glomerulonephritis
Kyung Min Kim, Kyoung Sung, Hea Koung Yang, Seong Heon Kim, Hye Young Kim, Gil Ho Ban, Su Eun Park, Hyoung Doo Lee, Su Young Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2016;59(3):145-148.   Published online March 31, 2016

Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare and potentially fatal condition characterized by skin rash, fever, eosinophilia, and multiorgan involvement. Various drugs may be associated with this syndrome including carbamazepine, allopurinol, and sulfasalazine. Renal involvement in DRESS syndrome most commonly presents as acute kidney injury due to interstitial nephritis. An 11-year-old boy was referred to...

Case Report
A case of regression of atypical dense deposit disease without C3 deposition in a child
Min Sun Kim, Pyoung Han Hwang, Mung Jae Kang, Dae-Yeol Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(7):766-769.   Published online July 31, 2010

Dense deposit disease (DDD) is a rare disorder characterized by the deposition of abnormal electron-dense material within the glomerular basement membrane of the kidneys. The diagnosis is made in most patients between 5 and 15 years of age, and within 10 years, approximately half of the affected patients progress to end-stage renal disease. We report a rare case of regressive...

Original Article
Association between polymorphisms in Interleukin-17 receptor A gene and childhood IgA nephropathy
Seung-Ah Baek, Won-Ho Hahn, Byoung-Soo Cho, Sung-Do Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2010;53(2):215-221.   Published online February 15, 2010
Purpose : Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is produced by activated CD4+T cells and exhibits pleiotropic biological activity on various cell types. IL-17 was reported to be involved in the immunoregulatory response in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). Our aim was to investigate the association between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL-17 receptor A (IL-17RA) gene and childhood IgAN. Methods : We analyzed the SNPs in the...
The impact of early detection through school urinary screening tests of membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis typeⅠ
Sung-Hoon Chung, Sung-Sin Park, Sung-Do Kim, Byoung-Soo Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(11):1104-1109.   Published online November 15, 2007
Purpose : Since 1998, school urinary screening tests have been performed on Korean school children. We could detect and treat so many asymptomatic chronic renal disease in early stage. We investigated the efficacy of school urinary screening tests from children with membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) type I. Methods : We analyzed the characteristics and prognosis of 18 patients with MPGN type I...
Clinicopathologic features and prognosis of childhood IgA nephropathy
Sung Il Woo, Keun Wook Bae, Joo Hoon Lee, Young Seo Park, Yong Mee Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2007;50(2):170-177.   Published online February 15, 2007
Purpose : Clinicopathological features were investigated to clarify the outcome and prognostic indicators for patients with IgA nephropathy in Korean children. Methods : We reviewed the outcomes of 61 patients in whom IgA nephropathy was diagnosed before the age of 15 years from 1991 to 2005 and followed-up at least for one year. All patients were confirmed by renal biopsy. Results...
The Study of Clinical Characteristic Changes in Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephtritis - Comparision of Clinical Manifestations between Recent 5 Years and Past 5 Years -
Hye Won Yoon, Kyung Soo Park, Jae Ho Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(11):1201-1205.   Published online November 15, 2005
Purpose : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristic changes of acute poststeptococcal glomerulonephritis(APSGN) in recent. The cases of APSGN occurred for the last ten years were divided into group I and II by the unit of 5 years and clinical manifestations and laboratory findings of each groups were analyzed. Methods : Total of 74 cases...
A Clinical Study of Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis in Children, from 1994 to 2003
So Eun Koo, Hyewon Hahn, Young Seo Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(6):606-613.   Published online June 15, 2005
Purpose : Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis(APSGN) is a common form of glomerulonephritis in children. Most patients recover completely after the acute phase but a few patients have acute complications or progress to chronic renal disease. In recent years, the frequency of APSGN has been was decreasing but is still common in children. So we studied the clinical characteristics of APSGN from...
Case Report
A Case of Hypocomplementemic Henoch-Schönlein Purpura Presenting Features of Membranoproliferative Glomerulonephritis
Kyong-A Lee, Tae-Sun Ha
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2005;48(1):81-84.   Published online January 15, 2005
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic disorder characterized by leukocytoclastic vasculitis that can affect multiple organs predominantly the skin, joints, gastrointestinal tract and kidney. Although the specific pathogenesis of HSP is not known, there are several hypotheses. Although the importance of the complement activation in glomerular injury in HSP has been suggested, the complement levels and the blood pressure in...
A Case of Rheumatic Fever Associated with Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis
Jeong Kyung Seo, Un Seok Nho, Eun Jeong Kim, Chur Woo Yoo, Chul Kyu Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(8):1170-1174.   Published online August 15, 1999
It is well known that both acute glomerulonephritis and rheumatic fever are a common sequelae of group A streptococcal infection. However, their simultaneous occurrence is uncommon. Only a few cases have been reported because they are different in epidemiologic, clinical, serologic and immunopathogenic characteristics. We experienced a 10-year-old boy who presented the manifestation of acute rheumatic fever and acute poststreptococcal...
A Case of Microscopic Polyangitis Presented as Pulmonary Hemorrhage and Rapidly Progressive Glomerulonephritis
Jae Eun Lee, Young Sook Chae, Oh Keyng Lee, Dae Youl Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1999;42(2):274-278.   Published online February 15, 1999
Microscopic polyangitis(MPA) is defined as a systemic necrotizing vasculitis that affects small- sized vessels without granulomata. MPA is associated with focal segmental necrotizing glomerulonephritis. Clinical manifestations are similar to those of polyarteritis nodosa, but are characterized by the presence of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and pulmonary involvement, including pulmonary hemorrhage. We reported a case of microscopic polyangitis presenting pulmonary hemorrhage and...
A Case of Idiopathic Crescentic Glomerulonephritis
Jung Keum Park, Sang Il Goo, Woo Yeong Chung, Chul Ho Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1996;39(1):131-135.   Published online January 15, 1996
We experienced a case of idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 10-year-old girl who was admitted to our hospital due to gross hematuria and oliguria for 2 months. The diagnosis was based on the rapidly progressive clinical course to chronic renal failure, positive p-ANCA test and light microscopic findings of diffuse crescents formation in about 80% glomeruli of renal tissue obtained...
A Case of Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies (ANCA) Positive Wegener's Granulomatosis
Won Tae Kim, Woo Jeong Kim, Joon Sik Kim, Chin Moon Kang, Kwan Kyu Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(8):1175-1181.   Published online August 15, 1994
Wegener's granulomatosis is a disease of unknown etiology that is characterized by the clinicopathologic complex of necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of the upper and lower respiratory tract, glomerulonephritis, and variable degrees of small vessel vasculitis. Recently Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (ANCA) has been reported to be a highly specific test for the diagnosis of Wegener's granulomatosis. We have experienced a patient of Wegener's...
Original Article
Significance of Urinary Interleukin 6 Level in Mesangial Proliferative Glomerulonephritis in Children
Byeong Ho Kang, No Hyun Kim, Woo Yeong Chung, Chul Ho Kim, Soon Yong Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1994;37(7):900-905.   Published online July 15, 1994
By animal experiments in rat, it has been known that Interleukin-6(IL-6) is secreted from renal mesangial cells and is an autocrine growth factor for the proliferation of mesangial cells. According to these facts, several studies have been tried for its clinical usefulness by measuring their serum or urinary IL-6 in glomerulonephritis patients with mesangial proliferation. The authors measured urinary IL-6...
Atypical Presentation of Acute Glomerulonephritis
Hyun Ho Shin, Thy Hyung Park, Sung Ho Cha, Byoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn, Young Tae Ko, Moon Ho Yang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(7):987-993.   Published online July 15, 1993
Form March 1982 to December 1991, 110 cases of typical post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis and 25 cases of Atypical acute glomerulonephritis were clinically investigated at Department of pediatrics, Kyung Hee University Hospital, and follwing Data were obtained. 1) Male to Femal ratio was 1.8:1 (Atypical AGN). Peak incidence was from 7 to 12 years. 2) The most common preceding infections were upper respiratory infection,...
A Case of Acute Rhenmatic Fever Associated with Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonepheitis.
Ho Kyung Choi, Dong Seok Choi, Jae Ho Lee, Young Hun Chung, Hyon Soon Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(12):1744-1748.   Published online December 31, 1989
A case of acute glomerulonephritis in association with acute rheumatic fever was presented. The patient rheumatic arthritis and carditis with mitral insufficiency, who had been diagnosed as acute poststreptococcal glomeruoonephritis with non-oliguric renal failure with renal biopsy and laboratory findings. The patient was treated, and symptom and sign were improved.
A case of Idiopathic Crescentic Glomerulonephritis.
Mi Kyung Kim, Hyun Joo Choi, Seung Joo Lee, Ok Kyung Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(10):1435-1441.   Published online October 31, 1989
Idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis is a very rare disease especially in children with poor prognosis. We experienced a case of idiopathic crescentic glomerulonephritis in a 4-year-old male patient who presented initially with a nephrotic syndrome and progressed to a rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. We review literatures briefly.
A Trend of Serum C3 and C4 levels in Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephirtis.
Dong Seok Choi, Young Hun Chung
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(7):965-971.   Published online July 31, 1989
Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is generally stated to be the most common cause of acute nephritis in childhood and secondary to an immunologic mechanism. In acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, there have been several reports on the change of serum complement levels in the course of disease. This paper reports on observation of change of serum C3 & C4 levels and its clinical significance in 41 cases of...
A Clinical Study on Children with Acute Glomerulonephritis.
Jeong Ok Kim, Son Moon Shin, Yong Hoon Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(6):779-788.   Published online June 30, 1989
A clinical observation has been made on 111 children with acute glomerulonephritis who were admitted to Pediatric Department of Yeungnam University Hospital during 5 years period from June 1, 1983 to May 31, 1988. The incidence of acute glomerulonephritis among hospitalized patients was 1.59% and the annual incidence was decreased markedly after June 1986. Peak incidence was noticed in the wintertime from November to January...
A Clinical Study of Acute Glomerulonephritis in Children.
Sung Ho Bae, Jin Hong Park, Jong Duck Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(4):525-532.   Published online April 30, 1989
A Clinical study has been made on 33 cases of acute glomerulonephritis who were admitted to pediatric department of Won Kwang University Hospital, during 2 year period from Jan. 1985 to Dec. 1986 The results were as follows: 1) Male to female ratio was 1.4:1 and the age incidence was highest among children from 4 -12 years of age group(78.8%). 2) The most common season was...
Immunologic Function in Early Phase of Various Glomerulonephritis.
Soon Don Hong, Hyoung Soo Cho, Chang Il Ahn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1987;30(7):735-741.   Published online July 31, 1987
Abnormal lymphocyte function has been postulated to have a pathogenetic role in nephrotic syndrome. To assess immunologic parameters in the pathogenesis of various glomerulonephritis in early phase, in prdiatric department of Kyung Hee University Hospital from September 1985 to June 1986, serum immunoglobulin concentration and T cell subsets were measured in 32 children and compared with normal control group (n=30). Further studies are needed to...
Clinical Study of Acute Glomerulonephritis in Children.
Kyeong Rae Moon, Choon Ho Park, Sang Kie Kim, Jin Heon Kim, Chang Soo Ra
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1986;29(2):178-185.   Published online February 28, 1986
From January 1979 to June 1984, 96 cases of acute glomerulonephritis were clinically investigated at the Department of Pediatrics, Chosun University Hospital, and following results were obtained: 1) Male to female ratio was 1.7 : 1, and the age incidence was highest in children from 7 to 9 years (35.4%), with a seasonal peak in Autumn and Winter (66.8%). 2) The most common...
Serum C3 & C4 Levels and Its Clinical Significance in Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis.
Yong Seok Lee, Kwang Su Oh, San Ho Kim, Bock Keun Kee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1986;29(1):45-50.   Published online January 31, 1986
Acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis is generally known to be the most common cause of acute nephritis in children and secondary to an immunologic mechanism. esp. activating complement system. And so there have been several reports on the change of serum complement levels in the course this disease. This paper reports on observation of change of serum C3 & C4levels and its clinical significance...
Clinico-pathologic Study Glumerulonephritis with Crescents in 25% or more of Glomeruli in Children.
Hoan Jong Lee, Kwang Wook Ko
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1985;28(4):353-371.   Published online April 30, 1985
We experienced 17 pediatric patients of glomerulonephritis with crescents in 25% or more of glomeruli, who were admitted to Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University Hospital, from Jan. ’79 to Dec. ’84. A review of clinical and pathologic findings revealed as follows; 1)The 17 patients were 10 cases of Henoch-Schdnlein nephritis, 3 cases of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome which were due...
A Clinical Study on Children with Acute Glomerulonephritis.
Jeong Gwon Lee, Dong Jin Lee, Sang Bum Lee, Ja Hoon Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1983;26(1):48-56.   Published online January 31, 1983
A clinical observation has been made on 104 children with acute glomerulonephritis who were admitted to pediatric Dept, of Kyung-Pook University hospital during 4 1/2 year period, from August 1977 to December 1981. Male to female ratio was 1.5 : 1 and peak incidence was noticed on cold months from November to January when URI was most prevalent. Cases were evenly distributed...
Case Report
Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis without Abnormality of Urine.
Byung Hwan Lee, Byung Lynl Lee, Kwang Chan Doh, Sung Il Ahn, Hyun Soon Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(10):1073-1077.   Published online October 31, 1982
A case is presented of a 15-year old girl with clinical and laboratory findings Strongly suggestive of poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis but without abnormalities in the urine. Repeated examinations of the urine demonstrated absence of proteinuuria and hematuria throughout a nineteen-day hospital course. Her renal biopsy specimen revealed small scattered intramembranous, subendothelial and mesangial deposits in. immunofluorescence and electron microscopy, but essentially normal pattern in light microscopy indicating...
Original Article
Plasma Renin Activities in Patients with Acute Poststreptococcal Glomerulonephritis.
S Y Chang, B H Oh, W G Lee, C M Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(4):329-333.   Published online April 30, 1982
Acute poststreptococcal glomeruonephritis is the most common non-pyogenic renal disease in childhood. The main clinical manifestations are edema, hematuria and hypertension. During the course of the disease, acute renal failure and hypertension are most common complications. Hypertension may give rise to encephalopasthy in small percentage of patients. Yet, the precise mechanism of its pathogenesis has remained uncertain. Increased cardiac output...
Clinical Diagnostic Application of Serum Cholinesterase.
Kyu Cha Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(3):258-268.   Published online March 31, 1982
Serum cholinesterase and other commonly employed function tests were determined in 12 patients with nephrotic syndrome, 17 patients with infectious hepatitis and 7 patients with acute glomerulonephritis who were available for se5rial studies the evaluation of which was helpful in diagnosis, management and prognosis of various disease. The results were as follows. 1) Serum cholinesterase activity in patients with nephrotic...
Clinical Study on Acute Glomerulonephritis in Children.
Jae Sook Ma, Suk Jung Chang, Hyung Suck Byun, Chull Sohn
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1982;25(1):19-28.   Published online January 31, 1982
A clinical study was done on 199 cases of Acute Glomerulonehritis, who had been admitted to the department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Hospital during the five years period from January 1976 to December 1980. The following results were obtained. 1) Males were affected more frequently than females by a 2:1 ratio, and the highest incidence was noted in children...
The Heart in Acute Glomerulonephritis: An Echocardiographic Study.
Eun Hee Choi, In Hyun Cho, Sun Ja Lee, Dong Hyuck Keum
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(7):659-665.   Published online July 15, 1981
Patients with acute glomerulonephritis often are seen with signs suggesting heart failure. Whether these signs are due to fluid overload secondary to kidney damage only, or whether there is associated myocardial damage has not been elucidated. Twenty-two children with acute glomerulonephritis were studied by echocardiography during edematous phase of disease. Left ventricular function was normal in all childrem. The most...
Diagnostic Value of Serum Immunoglobulins in Glomerulonephritis.
Pyung Kil Kim, Kyo Sun Kim, Chul Lee, Nan Ae Kim, Jae Seung Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1981;24(7):652-658.   Published online July 15, 1981
Serum immunoglobulin concenatrations were measured in 156 patients with various types of glomerulonephritis such as acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, minimal lesion nephrotic syndrome and Henoch-Sch?lein purpura nephritis. 1) Serum IgG level was above normal mean in acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis, and normal range in Henoch-Scholein purpura nephritis. Serum IgG concentrations were significantly reduced in minimal lesion nephrotic syndrome. 2) Serum IgA concentrations...
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