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Volume 38(7); Jul 1995
Three Cases of Necrotizing Lymphadenitis in Childhood
Seong Hoon Hah, Dong Woon Shin, Kyung Hee Lee, Tae Sun Ha, Beom Soo Park, Heon Seok Han, Sang-Hoon Cha, Geon Kook Lee
Accepted January 1, 1970  
Necrotizing lymphadenitis(named as "Kikuchi disease"), initially described by a Japanese pathologist as "a histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis with paracortical necrosis, plasmacytoid monocytes infiltration and prominent phagocytic appearance" has been found worldwide. Be-cause of its self-limited course, it has been well known that what should be considered as more important issues are its deatiled pathologic criteria for confirmation and thorough concern about...
Medical Lecture Course
Antibody Directed Cell Therapy in Pediatric AIDS
Byong Kwan Son
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):881-885.   Published online July 15, 1995
Original Articles
A Clinical Observation of 23 Cases of Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Ok Young Kim, Eun Ju Jeong, Min Jeong Kim, Mi Yeon Park, Son Sang Seo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):886-894.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : We observed risk factors, clinical findings, diagnosis and treatment of NEC in 23 cases in order to try to prevent developement of, and improve the prognosis of necrotizing enterocolitis(NEC) in the future. Methods : 23 cases of NEC who were admitted to the NICU of Ilsin Christian Hospital between Jan 1992 and June 1994 were studied. Data about birth...
Appraisal of the Results of Throat Swab Culture Obtained from Pediatric Outpatient Clinic
Sung-Ho Cha, Byoung-Soo Cho, Hwan-Jo Suh, Jin-Tae Suh, Seon-Ju Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):895-900.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : We can meet a lot of patients with the upper respiratory tract infection in outpatient clinic, most of them are caused by viral in origin, which make us consider prudent prescribing antibiotics. But on the other hand, the accurate diagnosis and proper treatment of group A streptococcal upper respiratory infection should be emphasized concerning about possible development of...
Epidemic Aseptic Meningitis in 1993 -Focused on Virus Culture-
Ji Yeon Cho, Hyang Ju Kim, Ghee Young Jung, Jin Keun Pang, Du Bong Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):901-906.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : Aseptic meningitis is relatively common disease caused by virus, however in most of casesthe main causes are unnoticed since virus culture and isolation is quiet difficult in our country. Authors of this thesis have conducted virus culture and isolation test to figure out cause of aseptic meningitis that was prevalent through out the country from June to July...
Clinical Studies of Measles in Infancy - Emphasizing on Measles Specific IgG Antibody -
Jae Ho Lee, Shin Hye Moon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):907-913.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : This study was investigated the efficacy of maternal measles specific IgG antibody and the optimal age for measles vaccination in susceptable infant during epidemics Methods : We evaluated the clinical manifestations and complications of 50 measles infants who were clinically and serologically diagnosed as measles and had not been vaccinated acco-rding to the presense of measles specific IgG antibody...
Double Chambered Right Ventricle-Review of Clinical Findings
Jin Young Song, Jun Tac Ko, Ho Sung Kim, Jung Il Rho, Jung Yeun Choi, Yong Soo Yun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):914-921.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : The DCRV is a cardiac anomaly in which the right ventricle is divided into two dif-ferent pressure chambers by aberrant hypertrophied muscle bundles arising from the lower infundibular septal region. DCRV may be associated with other congenital cardiac anomalies and surgical treatment is required because we know that this obstruction is progressive. In this report, we reviewed clinically...
Studies on Mechanism of Vascular Hyporeactivity of Mesenteric Artery from Septic Rats
Man Chul Ha, Hee Ju Park, Ki Whan Hong
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):922-935.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : Septic shock due to gram negative bacterial infection is characterized by vasodil-ation, hypotension, and myocardial depression due to the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In spite of extensive studies, the mechanisms for the vascular effects of endotoxemia are not clear. Recently, it has been proposed that nitric oxide (NO) synthesized from L-arginine by nitric oxide synthase contributes to the...
Intractable Diarrhea in Early Infancy : Clinical Features on Admission and A Nutritional Management
Jong Won Shin, Kyung Won Hwang, Young Ho Ahn, Jin Bok Hwang, Chang Ho Han, Hai Lee Chung, Young Dae Kwon
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):936-945.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : We studied to assess the value of clinical findings on admission in screening of intractable diarrhea in early infancy(IDI) and the efficiency of early trial of semi-elemental form-ula (protein hydrolysate) as a nutritional management in IDI. Methods : We carried out a retrospective review of medical records of twenty-eight early infants with diarrhea and malnutrition who were diagnosed as...
Effect of the Glucocorticoids on the Vertebral Bone Density in Children with the Nephrotic Syndrome
Jong Young Kim, Yong Hoon Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1955;38(7):946-954.
Purpose : This study was conducted to evaluate that long term glucocorticoid treatment in children with the nephrotic syndrome can produce a significant loss of bone mass by measuring of bone mineral density(BMD) Methods : We measured BMD at lumbar vertebra(L2-L4) using dual enegy X-ray absorptiom-etry in 36 patients with the nephrotic syndrome who were administered prednisolone over 6 months and...
Effects of Cyclosporine on the Renal Sympathetic Nerve Activity and Baroreflex Function in Rabbits
Chan Uhng Joo, Tae Hee Park, Moon Hwan Lee, Jung Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):955-962.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : The immunosuppresive drug cyclosporine(CS) is a novel agent that has greatly enhanced long-term survival after organ transplantation and has proved beneficial in the treat-ment of many autoimmune diseases. However, CS has emerged as a new cause of hypertens-ion. Although the causes of the hypertension are undoubtedly multifactorial, there are evidenc-es to suggest that sympathetic overactivity is involved. We...
Sex Hormone Binding Globulin Levels in Children with Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
Duk Hi Kim, Mi Jung Park, Ho Sung Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):963-969.   Published online July 15, 1995
Purpose : Sex hormone binding globulin(SHBG) is produced in liver and binds to testostero-ne and estradiol. Plasma SHBG levels are increased by estrogen and thyrotoxicosis and decreased by testostrone, insulin, growth hormone, prolactin, obesity and noninsulin dependent diabetes mellitus. SHBG levels in patients with NIDDM is known to be higher than normal, but SHBG levels in children with IDDM is controversial....
Study on Anti-neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies in Children with Henoch-Schölein Purpura
Shin Jong Lee, Woo Yeong Chung, Chul Ho Kim, Jeong Nyeo Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):970-975.   Published online July 15, 1995
The presence of IgG, IgA and IgM antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies(ANCA) were inves-tigated in 32 children with Henoch-Schölein Purpura(HS purpura), in 14 children with HS pur-pura nephritis who were confirrned by renal biopsy and in 12 control children using flow cytom-etry(FASCan, Beckton-Dickinson, Co, USA) and indirect immunofluorescence technique(Sigma Diagnostics, USA). There were no evidence of IgG, IgA or IgM cytoplasmic ANCA(p-ANCA),...
Case Reports
A Case of Chéiak-Higashi Syndrome
Soo Jin Kim, Soo Kyung Choi, Kyung Hee Park, Ghee Young Jung, Young Ok Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):983-987.   Published online July 15, 1995
Chéiak-Higashi syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterised by partial oculocutaneous albinism, frequent pyogenic infections and abnormal large lysosomal granules in leukocytes and other granule containing cells. We experienced a case of Chéiak-Higashi syndrome in a twenty days old male who show-ed partial albinism, recurrent infections and characteristic abnormal large granules in granuloc-ytes on peripheral blood smear and bone marrow...
A Case of Disseminated Pagetoid Reticulodsis
Hyang Mi Kwon, Sun Seong Park, Hye Lim Jung, Dong Hyuck Keum, Kye Yong Song
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):988-992.   Published online July 15, 1995
Pagetoid reficulosis is a rare skin disorder consisting of localized(WoringerKolopp type) or disseminated (Ketron-Goodman type), asymptomatic hyperkeratotic, cutaneous plaque. The disseminated form has clinical similarities with mycosis fungoides and histologically characteri-sed by prominent infiltration of cytologically atypical mononuclear cells within a hyperplastic epidermis. It is suggested that the infiltrating cells orginate from T-lymphocytes. A 6yr old male patient visited with...
Angiodysplasia Involving the Sigmoid Colon in Children
Jae Young Kim, Kyung Won Hwang, Young Ho Ahn, Jin Bok Hwang, Chang Ho Han, Hae Lee Chung, Young Dae Kwon, Yong Jin Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):993-999.   Published online July 15, 1995
Angiodysplasia(AD) of the gastrointestinal(GI) tract in children is a very rare cause of bleeding and thought to be a distinct clinicopathologic entity distingishing from the classic adult-type AD by its different clinical settings and diverse histology. We report two cases of AD involving the sigmoid colon in children. The cases, 6-year-old girl and 11-year-old boy, were preoperatively suspected by colonoscopy and...
A Case of the Non-rhizomelic Chondrodysplasia Punctata
Son Ill Jin, Kyung Rye Moon, Sang Kee Park, Young Bong Park, Young Suk Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):1000-1005.   Published online July 15, 1995
Chondrodysplasia punctata is a rare congenital disorder of bone, which is characterized by radiographic manifestation of punctate calcification in epiphyseal areas, preformed in cartilage. We experienced a case of the non-rhizomelic chondrodysplasia punctata in a male neonate who showed cataract, saddle nose, stippled calcification on X-ray without coronal cleft of verte-brae and rhizomelia.
Three Cases of Pneumoperitoneum in Ventilated Newborns
Chun Ok Yang, Ho Young Lee, Won Kju Choe, Baek Keun Lim, Jong Soo Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):1006-1011.   Published online July 15, 1995
Pneumoperitoneum in the newborn is usually a surgical emergency resulting from gastroint-estinal perforation. However, pneumoperitoneum can occur secondary to a pulmonary air leak which progresses from the mediastinum to the retroperitoneum by way of perivascular spaces and then to the peritoneum following rupture. We have observed this phenomenon in three ventilated newborn. A brief review of the related literatures was...
A Case of Chronic Pancreatitis with Pancreatic Stones in Childhood
Young Kyoo Shin, Chan Wook Woo, Kee Hyoung Lee, Young Chang Tockgo, Chang Duck Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 1995;38(7):1012-1017.   Published online July 15, 1995
Chronic pancreatitis is a rare problem in childhood and sometimes shows pancreatic calcif-ication. The most common symptom is chronic recurrent upper abdominal pain, with waves of crampy pain that increase in severity, with or without associated nausea or vomiting. Although the diagnosis is made or considered infrequently hereditary or other metabolic factors, the cau-se remains largely idiopathic. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)...
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