Article 58(12); Dec 2015
Review Article
Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans in children: lessons from bronchiolitis obliterans after lung transplantation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
Jinho Yu
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):459-465.   Published online December 22, 2015

Postinfectious bronchiolitis obliterans (PIBO) is an irreversible obstructive lung disease characterized by subepithelial inflammation and fibrotic narrowing of the bronchioles after lower respiratory tract infection during childhood, especially early childhood. Although diagnosis of PIBO should be confirmed by histopathology, it is generally based on history and clinical findings. Irreversible airway obstruction is demonstrated by decreased forced expiratory volume in 1...

Original Articles
Parental satisfaction with pediatric emergency care: a nationwide, cross-sectional survey in Korea
Hye Young Jang, Young Ho Kwak, Ju Ok Park, Do Kyun Kim, Jin Hee Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):466-471.   Published online December 22, 2015
Purpose

This study attempted to examine parental satisfaction with pediatric emergency care (PEC) in Korea and investigate the features influencing overall satisfaction.

Methods

A nationwide, cross-sectional survey was conducted among parents who had taken their children to an Emergency Department (ED) in the three years prior to the study. A 21-item, structured questionnaire was administered to the parents through a web-based system. Participants'...

High degree of supervision improves adherence to inhaled corticosteroids in children with asthma
Geun Mi Park, Hye Won Han, Hee Se Kim, Jae Youn Kim, Eun Lee, Hyun-Ju Cho, Song-I Yang, Young-Ho Jung, Soo-Jong Hong, Hyung Young Kim, Ju-Hee Seo, Jinho Yu
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):472-477.   Published online December 22, 2015
Purpose

Adherence to treatment with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) is a critical determinant of asthma control. The objective of this study was to assess factors that determine adherence to ICS therapy in children with asthma.

Methods

Fifty-eight children with asthma, aged 5 to 16 years, used ICS with or without a spacer for 3 months. Adherence rates as measured from questionnaires and canisters, asthma...

Clinical characteristics of lung abscess in children: 15-year experience at two university hospitals
Mi Suk Choi, Ji Hye Chun, Kyung Suk Lee, Yeong Ho Rha, Sun Hee Choi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):478-483.   Published online December 22, 2015
Purpose

Information on the clinical features of lung abscess, which is uncommon in children, at hospitalizationis helpful to anticipate the disease course and management. There is no report concerning lung abscess in Korean children. We aimed to identify the clinical characteristics of pediatric lung abscess and compare the difference between primary and secondary abscess groups.

Methods

The medical records of 11 lung abscess...

A prospective study to assess the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol as first-line treatment for infantile superficial hemangioma
Yeong Ju Yun, Yun Hee Gyon, Sohyoung Yang, Youn Kyung Lee, Joohyun Park, Meerim Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):484-490.   Published online December 22, 2015
Purpose

To determine the efficacy and safety of oral propranolol as a first-line treatment for superficially located infantile hemangioma (IH) and propose an assessment tool to measure treatment response.

Methods

Patients with superficial IH under 1 year of age were prospectively recruited between May 2012 and December 2013 at the Department of Pediatrics of Chungbuk National University Hospital. Propranolol was administered to 12...

Intercontinental comparison of caustic ingestion in children
Mandana Rafeey, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Amir Mehdizadeh, Hakimeh Hazrati, Leila Vahedi
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):491-500.   Published online December 22, 2015
Purpose

To investigate the caustic ingestion in children among different continents according to demographic characteristics (core purpose), main symptoms, common caustic agents, signs and symptoms, management, treatment and complications.

Methods

This systematic review was performed by searching the databases Science Direct, ProQuest, Google Scholar, and PubMed, electronically and manually. We included studies that were published from 1980 to 2013, at University of Medical...

Case Reports
Giant coronary aneurysm caused by Kawasaki disease: consistency between catheter angiography and electrocardiogram gated dual-source computed tomography angiography
Eun-Ha Hwang, Jung-Ki Ju, Min-Jung Cho, Ji-Won Lee, Hyoung-Doo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):501-504.   Published online December 22, 2015

We present the case of a 5-year-old child with coronary complications due to Kawasaki disease; this patient unintentionally underwent both dual-source computed tomography (DSCT) coronary angiography and invasive coronary angiographic examination in 2 months. This case highlights the strong consistency of the results between DSCT coronary angiography and invasive coronary angiography. Compared to conventional invasive coronary angiography, DSCT coronary angiography...

Alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with massive disseminated intravascular coagulopathy treated with systemic chemotherapy
Byung Gyu Yoon, Hee Jo Baek, Burm Seok Oh, Dong Kyun Han, Yoo Duk Choi, Hoon Kook
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(12):505-508.   Published online December 22, 2015

It is uncommon for pediatric patients with rhabdomyosarcoma to present with clinical and/or laboratory features of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). We report a case of metastatic alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with severe bleeding because of DIC in a 13-year-old boy. He experienced persistent oozing at the site of a previous operation, gross hematuria, and massive epistaxis. Two weeks after initiating combination chemotherapy...

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