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Original Article
Colon Perforation during Air Enema Reduction of Intussusception
Yong Kuk Kim, Hae Ra Im, Gwang Hoon Lee, Soo Jin Han, Yong Han Sun, Eell Ryoo, Kang Ho Cho, Hann Tchah, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2003;46(1):37-41.   Published online January 15, 2003
Purpose : Although air enema reduction has been known as a good method of diagnosis and treatment of intussusception, it could develop colon perforation. However, there have been few studies about this complication. So we analyzed the risk factors of colon perforation during air enema reduction in patients with intussusception. Methods : We reviewed the charts of 12 colon perforation patients...
Case Report
Two Cases of Infantile Hemangioendothelioma of the Liver in Neonates
Soo Jin Han, Soo Shin Cho, Gwang Hoon Lee, Ho Joon Im, Seong Ho Kim, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(12):1469-1474.   Published online December 15, 2001
Infantile hemangioendothelioma(IHE) of the liver is a rare benign vascular tumor that presents most commonly in infants before the age of 6 months. IHE presents as abdominal mass, cutaneous hemangiomas, unexplained jaundice, bleeding disorders, or congestive heart failure. Death often results from congestive heart failure despite appropriate treatment with digoxin and diuretics. IHE also is associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome, anemia,...
Original Article
Comparison of Brainstem Auditory Evoked Response in Normal Infants, Male and Female, Right and Left Ear
Soo Jin Han, Soo Shin Cho, Kang Ho Cho, EeIl Ryoo, Gwang Hoon Lee, Ho Joon Im, Kye Hwan Seol, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(11):1243-1248.   Published online November 15, 2001
Purpose : Brainstem auditory evoked response(BAER) is used as screening test for hearing disorders, damages of the central nervous system and congenital anomalies. We studied the difference values according to gender and stimulation sites in normal full-term infants. Methods : We performed BAER in 38 male and 28 female normal full-term infants, delivered in the Gil Medical Center, Gachen Medical School,...
Case Report
A Case of Congenital Nasal Pyriform Aperture Stenosis
Hyoung Sik Oh, Sang Hee Kim, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Il Hwan Jang, Ji Hae Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2001;44(1):99-102.   Published online January 15, 2001
The cause of congenital nasal pyriform aperture stenosis is unclear. The development of the facial skeleton occurs between the fifth and the eighth week of gestation. It is at this stage that the stenosis occurs due to overgrowth of the ossification of the maxilla. Infants are obligate nasal breathers. Incomplete and milder forms of nasal airway obstruction may be present...
A Case of Candida Endocarditis with Vegetation on the Tricuspid Valve in a Preterm Infant
Hye Young Han, Mi Jin Jung, Kwang Hoon Lee, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Guk Yang Park, Young Ha Oh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(6):832-836.   Published online June 15, 2000
Fungal endocarditis is a rare disease in infants, but it has been reported with increasing frequency among premature infants requiring neonatal intensive care. Congenital heart disease, prolonged intravenous catheterization, the use of intravenous alimentation, broad-spectrum antibiotics administration and narcotic addiction are risk factors. Candida endocarditis is an unusual but severe complication of systemic candidiasis. Its occurrence has been related to...
A Case of Saldino-Noonan Type Short Rib-Polydactyly Syndrome
Hye Young Han, Gwang Hoon Lee, Eell Ryoo, Kang Ho Cho, Mi Jin Jung, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Hyuni Cho
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(4):578-582.   Published online April 15, 2000
Short rib-polydactyly syndrome(SRPS) is a rare type of skeletal dysplasia characterized by short limb dysplasia, thoracic hypoplasia, polydactyly and multiple visceral anomalies. It is transmitted as a autosomal recessive trait. There have been 4 classic types of SRPS, of which Saldino-Noonan type is the most common, and is characterized by very narrow thorax, short limb, postaxial polydactyly, striking metaphyseal dysplasia...
Original Article
Treatment of Tachycardia by Radiofrequency Catheter Ablation in Children and Adolescents
Sung Jae Lee, Mi Jin Jung, Sung Ho Kim, Walter C. Schueller, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2000;43(2):210-215.   Published online February 15, 2000
Purpose : RFCA has been proven to be an effective and safe tool for treating different kinds of tachycardia in adults. This study was designed to analyze the efficacy of this method in children and adolescents. Methods : Seventy-eight patients referred to Gachon Medical School, Gil Hospital for ablation of supraventricular(SVT) and ventricular tachycardia(VT) between January 1997 and February 1999 were...
Case Report
A Case of Unilateral Diaphragmatic Paralysis with Brachial Plexus Palsy in the Neonate
Hae Joong Yoon, Kyeung Ho Park, Sang Hee Kim, Kye Whan Seul, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Chang Young Lim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(4):553-557.   Published online April 15, 1998
The diaphragm is especially important in sustaining minute ventilation in the neonate. Consequently, diaphragmatic paralysis is not tolerated well by the neonate and often results in prolonged respiratory failure. We experienced a case of unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis with the brachial plexus palsy in a male newborn infant who presented with apnea and cyanosis due to birth asphyxia. After endotracheal intubation, mechanical ventilaton was started....
Magnetic Resonance Angiography in One Case of Hydraencephaly
Eun Kyung Hwang, Kang Ho Cho, Gwang Hoon Lee, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Ji Hye Kim, Young Seok Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(4):538-542.   Published online April 15, 1998
In hydranencephaly, the cerebral hemispheres are absent or represented by membranous sacs with remnants of frontal, temporal or occipital cortex dispersed over the membrane. The brain stem is relatively intact. The cause of hydranencephaly is unknown, but bilateral occlusion of the internal carotid arteries during early fetal development can explain most of the pathologic abnormalities. We evaluated a case of hydranencephaly by magnetic resonance(MR)...
A Case of Alagille Syndrome
Eun Kyung Hwang, Gwang Hoon Lee, Eell Ryoo, Kang Ho Cho, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Ji Hye Kim, Sung Hae Park, Hee Sup Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1998;41(3):410-414.   Published online March 15, 1998
Alagille syndrome is characterized by chronic cholestasis, posterior embryotoxon, skeletal abnormalities, cardiovascular abnormalities, and a typical face with prominent forehead and pointed chin. Its histological feature includes paucity of interlobular bile ducts. We experienced a 49-day-old female infant presenting with frequent upper respiratory tract infection and persistent jaundice. She had a typical face and chronic cholestasis. Echocardiograms revealed peripheral pulmonary...
Original Article
Cerebral palsy, Periventricular echodensity, Cyst, Intraventricular hemorrhage
Kyeung Ho Park, Sang Hee Kim, Hyung Won Lee, Kil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Ji Hye Kim, Young Seok Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1997;40(9):1210-1218.   Published online September 15, 1997
Purpose : Although neonatal intensive care and development of obstetrics play a role in improving survival rate in prematurity, cerebral palsy(CP) is still one of the neurologic sequelae. We tried to find what kinds of risk factors in the patients with abnormal neurosonographic findings who developed CP later. This study was performed to predict early enough who will develop CP later and to treat...
Doxapram in the Treatment of Idiopathic Apnea of Prematurity Unresponsive to Aminophylline
Jung Hoon Park, Hee Sup Kim, Sang Hee Kim, Gil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(8):1046-1053.   Published online August 15, 1995
Purpose : Recurrent apnea of prematurity is a very common and troublesome problem despite treatment with aminophylline, and is often associated with a poor developmental outcome. Recently doxapram, a potent respiratory stimulant in adults, has been used to overcome idiopathic apnea of prematurity. This study was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and optimal dosage of doxapram in idiopathic apnea refractory to aminophylline. Methods...
A Study of Auditory Brainstem Responses in Neonates with Hyperbilirubinemia and Their Neurodevelopmental Outcome
Sung Shin Park, Myoung Jae Chey, Kil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1995;38(1):1-9.   Published online January 15, 1995
Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia is a significant risk factor for the developemtn of otoneurologic disorder. Hyperbilirubinemia resulting in kernicterus produces widespread neuronal damage with the most common sites of staining and destruction involving the hippocampus, basal ganglia and the brainstem nuclei in the floor of the fourth ventricle, including the dorsal cochlear nucleus. ABR may be a useful tool for the monitoring early...
Comparison between Preterm and Fullterm infants in Neonatal Sepsis
Sung Hee Kim, Kum Hee Hur, Hee Sup Kim, Myoung Jae Chey, Kil Hyoun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(11):1542-1554.   Published online November 15, 1993
We retrospectively evaluated datas on 61 cases of neonatal sepsis confirmed by clinical symptoms and blood cultures at the NICU of Gil General Hospital From Mar. 1989, to Reb. 1992. The result obtained were as follows : 1) The mean gestational age was 32.7±2.6 weeks in preterm infants, and 39±1.5weeks on term infants. The mean birth weight was 1,701.4±422.4g in preterm infants,...
Periventricular Leukomalacia -Ultrasonographic Findings, Risk Factors and Neurological Outcome-
Kyeong Hee Cho, Myoung Jae Chey, Sejung Sohn, Kil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee, Young Seok Lee, Dae Joong Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1993;36(5):693-704.   Published online May 15, 1993
The thirty eight newborn infants with periventricular leukomalacia who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Gil General Hospital from March 1, 1988 to June 30, 1991, were investigated for ultrasonographic findings, risk factors and neurological outcome. The results were as follows: 1) There were 38 cases of PVL including 21 echogenic flarings and 17 cystic PVL뭩. 2) Mean birth weight...
Case Report
Primay Endodermal Sinus Tumor of the Common Bile Duct
Kyeong Hee Cho, Se Jung Sohn, Kil Hyun Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(9):1298-1302.   Published online September 15, 1992
The endodermal sinus tumors are rare and highly malignant germ cell origin tumors occuring in both gonadal and extragonadal tissue. We have experienced a case of endodermal sinus tumor mixed with benign teratoma occuring in the common bile duct. It is a very rare site for endodermal sinus tumor. Serum α-fetoprotein was well correlated with clinical course.
Original Article
A Study of Auditoru Brainstem Responses in Neonates with Birth Asphyxia
Su Kyung Kang, Kum Hee Hur, Myoung Jae Chey, Hak Soo Lee, Il Tae Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1992;35(2):191-200.   Published online February 15, 1992
Birth asphyxia is an insult to fetus or newborn due to lack of oxygen or perfusion to various organs, especially to brain, resulting in the important complication known as hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. Auditory brainstem responses may assist in evaluating the severity of the brain injury. ABR testing was performed in 20 ful term neonates with birth asphyxia with 1-minute or 5-minute...
A case of septo-optic dysplasia.
Su Kyung Kang, Sung Hee Kim, Myoung Jae Chey, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1991;34(12):1707-1711.   Published online December 31, 1991
Septo-optic dysplasia, which was first described by de Morsier in 1956, is a rare developmental anomaly of anterior midline structures of brain, combining agenesis of the septum pellucidum and hypoplasia of the optic nerves, chiasm, and infundibulum. It is considered a form of holoprosence- phaly. It is a common cause of hypopituitarism in children, and the pituitary hormone most commonly affected is growth hormone, but...
Three cases of Acute Transverse Myelitis.
Hae Young Hwang, Jong Sik Moon, Se Jung Sohn, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(12):1729-1734.   Published online December 31, 1990
Acute transverse myelitis can be defined as acute disorder characterized clinically by signs of lesions in motor and sensory tracts on both sides of the spinal cord. In the typical cases, there is a distinct bilateral sensory deficit level, paraparesis or quadriparesis, abonormal function of rectal and vesicular sphincters and often with the evidence of preceding or concurrent viral illness. Recently, we experienced three...
A Case of Acute Megakaryoblastic Leukemia in infantwith down Syndrome.
Jang Sik Moon, Hae Young Hwang, Sejung Sohn, Hak Soo Lee, Heum Rye Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1990;33(10):1441-1446.   Published online October 31, 1990
Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia is an uncommonly recognized disorder that is characterized by rapidly progressive proliferation of atypical megakaryocytes and their precursor cells, and fatal course. Abnormalities in chromosome 21 may have more than relationship to it. The authors report a case of acute megakaryoblastic leukemia in a 17 day-old male patient who was admitted for evaluation of high fever and dyspnea. The infiltration of atypical megakaryocytes...
A Case of Ulcerative Colitis.
Yang Mi Jung, Jong Sik Moon, Sejung Sohn, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1989;32(8):1144-1149.   Published online August 31, 1989
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammatory bowel disease of unknown etiology affecting the mucosa of colon and rectum. We have recently experienced a case of ulcerative colitis in a 13 year-old girl. The diagnosis was established by clinical feature, barium enema, colonoscopy and rectal biopsy.
Case Report
Two Cases of Bochdalek's Hernia.
Sang Ki Hwang, Un Hee Choi, Sang Suck Ki, Hak Soo Lee, Byung Wha Lee, Heum Rea Park
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1985;28(7):720-725.   Published online July 31, 1985
Congenital diaphragamatic anomaly is a rare congenital malformation and is found more frequently on the left side than the right side. We had experienced two cases of congenital diaphragmatic anomaly on the right and the left side. One case was 1 year old male infant which was admitted with chief complaints of fever and mild cough. The diagnosis was confirmed by...
Original Article
Roentgenorams of the Chest in Acute Glomeruloneptritig in Children.
Sung Churl Park, Su Yung Kim, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1980;23(11):935-939.   Published online November 15, 1980
Roentgenograms of the chest were reviewed from 122 childrens with acute glomeruloneph ritis. Abnormalities were found in 110 roentgenograms. These included cardiomegaly in 82(67.2%), prominent pulmonary vasculature in 98(80.3%), pleural effusion in 35(28.6%), pulmonary edema in 24(19.6%), and pulmonary consolidation in 20(16.3%). The roentgen findings in the chest, although not pathognomic, may have diagnostic values occasionally.
Clinical and Bacteriological Studies on Shigellosis
Dong Hyun Kim, Ki Ho Nam, Moo Shin Eum, Hak Soo Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 1975;18(7):505-510.   Published online July 31, 1975
Clinical and bacteriological studies were made on 49 cases of infant and childhood shigellosis treated at this Pediatric Department of Maryknoll Hospital, Busan, Korea from April, 1972 to April, 1974. 1.Sex distribution showed 35 of male and 14 of female, the ratio being 2. 5 * 1. 2.Age incidence showed the infants of 6 Months to 2years old to be...
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