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Volume 46(10); Oct 2003
Clinical Lecture
Dendritic Cell-Based Cancer Immunotherapy
Hyeon Jin Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):947-951.   Published online October 15, 2003
Medical Lecture Course
Usefulness and Limitation of Mouse Asthma Model
Dong-Keun Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):952-957.   Published online October 15, 2003
Original Articles
Rapid Industrialization Induced Poor Hometeaching and Increased Juvenile Delinquents in South Korea
Duk-Jin Yun
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):958-965.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : Recently the number of juvenile delinquents have been increasing in Korea and their misdeeds were getting worse. This study was conducted to find out the basic cause of juvenile delinquency and a counterplan of overcoming this distress. Methods : The authors reviewed the statistics of the Supreme Public Prosecutors Office to know the juvenile delinquents and Korean national statistics to know the...
Changes of Neutrophil Count in Peripheral Blood of the Neonate with Periventricular Leukomalacia
Hwan Seok Lee, Kyung Pil Park, Heng Mi Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):966-971.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : It is now well established that infection and inflammation play an important role in the pathogenesis of ischemic brain damage. The loss of neutrophils from systemic circulation is an associated finding in injury mediated by granulocyte. Periventricular leukomalacia(PVL) caused by ischemia is the principal form of brain injury in premature infants. This study was conducted to evaluate whether...
A Five-year Epidemiologic Study of Childhood Leukemia in Busan City, 1996 to 2000
Jae Hoon Moon, Soon Yong Lee, Jong Beom Sinn, Jae Sun Park, Young Ho Lee, Young Tak Lim, Su Eun Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):972-976.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : For the control of childhood leukemia, of which the mortality is still high, the basic data for the incidence has a great importance. The authors analyzed the data from 133 new patients with childhood leukemia between 1996-2000 in Busan, Korea. Methods : The data were obtained from 133 new cases(87 males and 46 females from 0 to 15 years...
Urinary Excretion of Various Urinary Proteins in Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux
Da Eun Jung, Ja Wook Koo
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):977-982.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : This study aimed to examine the excretion of various urinary proteins in children with a history of urinary tract infection(UTI), with or without vesicoureteral reflux(VUR) or reflux nephropathy, and to identify means of predicting the severity of VUR or the presence of reflux nephropathy as indicated by these markers, and to know how these markers are changed after...
Change of Cerebral Blood Flow during Tilt Tests in Children with Vasovagal Syncope
Su Jung Kim, Hye Won Yom, Young Mi Hong, Jung Hyen Yoo, Sook Hee Lee, Chong Hee Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):983-988.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : Syncope appears to be common. However, the mechanism of syncope is not clear. Increased vagal activity and withdrawal of sympathetic stimulation cause hypotension, bradycardia and finally loss of consciousness. The purpose of this study was to evaluate changes of cerebral blood flow velocity, blood pressure, and heart rate during tilt test in children with vasovagal syncope. Methods : Sixty...
The Effect of Postnatal Dexamethasone Treatment on Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury in Neonatal Rats
Chang Ro Park, Kyung Pil Park, Heng Mi Kim, Yoon Kyung Sohn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):989-995.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : Dexamethasone is frequently administered to prevent or treat chronic lung disease in human neonates who are also prone to hypoxic-ischemic(HI) insults. Recently, meta-analysis of the follow-up studies reveals a significantly increased odd ratio for the occurrence of cerebral palsy or an abnormal neurologic outcome, and there is conflicting evidence regarding the impact of dexamethasone exposure on HI brain...
Heart Rate Variability and Autonomic Activity in Patients Affected with Rett Syndrome
Deok Young Choi, Jin Ha Chang, Hee Jung Chung
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):996-1002.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : In Rett syndrome patients, the incidence of sudden death is greater than that of the general population, and cardiac electrical instability including fatal cardiac arrhythmia is a main suspected cause. In this study, we are going to find out the possible cause of the higher risk of sudden death in Rett patients by the evaluation of heart rate...
Relationship between Admission and Clinical Features of Children Who Visited the Emergency Department with Seizures
Sung Kwan Yoon, Eun Young Kim, Eun Seok Yang, Kyung Rye Moon, Sang Kee Park, Young Bong Park, Young Il Rho, Soo Hyeong Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1003-1007.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : To review the seizure-related complaints and analyze the relationship between admission rates and clinical features in children who had visited the emergency department with seizures. Methods : Retrospectively, we reviewed 180 patients(male 100, female 80) suffering from seizures, who had visited to the emergency department of Chosun University Hospital from January 2000 to June 2002. We have analyzed the...
Lumbar Puncture in Patients Who Experienced First Seizure with Fever
Jung Kim, Jun Su Lee, Sang Eun Lee, Wan Suk Choi, Sung Ryoung Han, Kyunglae Cho
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1008-1012.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : We aimed to ascertain whether lumbar punctures should be done to prove febrile seizure, and to study what conditions can delay or abolish lumbar puncture. Methods : This retrospective study was done for four years, from January, 1996 to December, 1999. The subjects were the patients who visited Masan Samsung Hospital for the first convulsion with fever, and...
Peripheral Blood Eosinophil Counts and Serum ECP in Adolescents with Long-term Asthma Remission and Persistent Bronchial Hyperresponsiveness : Comparison with Adolescents with Symptomatic Asthma
Hee Kang, Young Yoo, Jinho Yu, Yang Park, Young Yull Koh
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1013-1018.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : Bronchial hyperresponsiveness(BHR) in asthma is thought to be a consequence of underlying airway inflammation. But the mechanism responsible for persistent BHR in adolescents with long-term asthma remission is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine whether BHR in adolescents with asthma remission is associated with peripheral blood eosinophilia and/or increased serum levels of eosinophil cationic...
Safety and Efficacy of Early Treatment with Intravenous Immunoglobulin in Patients with Kawasaki Disease
Hyun Jin Kim, Hae Won Yom, Hae Soon Kim, Sejung Sohn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1019-1023.   Published online October 15, 2003
Purpose : To determine the differences in clinical characteristics, blood chemistry and coronary artery complications between patients with Kawasaki disease who received intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) within the fourth day of illness and after the fifth day of illness. Methods : A retrospective chart review was conducted of all children with Kawasaki disease who were admitted to Ewha Mokdong Hospital between January...
Case Reports
A Case of Influenza-associated Encephalopathy
Yeoni Song, Chang Hwan Choi, Jong Woon Choi, Se Young Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Yeol Kim, Dong Jin Im
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1024-1028.   Published online October 15, 2003
Influenza-associated encephalopathy is regarded as one of the major neurologic disease entities along with those of Reye syndrome, acute necrotizing encephalopathy, and myelitis which are known to be related to influenza virus, mostly type A. And it is being actively researched in Japan as it has caused a tremendous increase in the number of deaths from 1997 to 2002, but...
A Case of Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Child with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Ja Young Hwang, Suk Man No, Jin Lee, Pil Sang Jang, Young Hoon Kim, Jin Tack Kim, Joon Sung Lee
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1029-1031.   Published online October 15, 2003
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is a reactive disorder characterized by a generalized non-malignant histiocytic proliferation with prominent hemophagocytosis by stimulated histiocytes in the bone marrow and reticuloendothelial systems resulting in pancytopenia and liver dysfunction. Several diseases including infection, malignancy and autoimmune disease are known to be causative disorders. This case demonstrated histiocytic hemophagocytosis in the bone marrow, resulting in pancytopenia during treatment...
A Case of Pseudohypoparathyroidism in a Premature Infant
Jong Il Yang, Jang Won Seo, Ji Young Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1032-1035.   Published online October 15, 2003
In pseudohypoparathyroidism as reported by Albright in 1942, the parathyroid gland can normally synthesize and secrete parathyroid hormone(PTH). Pseudohypoparathyroidism has a similar biochemical finding with hypoparathyroidisms like hypocalcemia and hyperphosphatemia due to target tissue resistance to PTH. Administered PTH does not raise the serum levels of calcium and urinary phosphate. PTH activates G-protein in peripheral tissue and adenylate cyclase through...
A Case of Sandifer Syndrome
Mira Lee, Soo Hyun Kim, Yong Joo Kim, In Joon Seol
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1036-1039.   Published online October 15, 2003
Sandifer syndrome is a rare manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux in children, occurring in association with abnormal movement of the head and neck and recurrent episodes of seizure after feeding. This syndrome may be misdiagnosed as infantile seizure and musculoskeletal disorder and may be associated with failure to thrive, anemia, aspiration pneumonia, and esophagitis. In this paper, Sandifer syndrome in a...
A Case of Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Nephritis Complicating Encephalopathy Accompanied by Hypertension and Cerebral Vasculitis
Hee Ra Choi, Eo Jin Kim, Myoung Bum Choi, Jae Young Lim, Chan Hoo Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Sang Youn
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1040-1043.   Published online October 15, 2003
Henoch-Shonlein purpura(HSP) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis that primarily affects the skin, gastrointestinal tract, joints, and kidneys. The nervous system may be involved, less commonly than other organs. When the central nervous system(CNS) was involved, headache, changes in mental status, seizures, and focal neurologic deficits have been reported. Hypertension, uremic encephalopathy, metabolic abnomalities, electrolyte abnormalities, or cerebral vasculitis were suggested...
A Case of Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia Diagnosed at Birth
Jeong A Rho, Young Il Rho, Kyung Rye Moon, Young Bong Park, Sang Kee Park, Eun Young Kim
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1044-1046.   Published online October 15, 2003
Craniofrontonasal dysplasia(CFND), a rare congenital syndrome, is characterized by varying degrees of frontonasal dysplasia, craniosynostosis, and variable extracranial abnormalities. It was first reported by Cohen in 1979. The inheritance pattern is not straightforward. Although all modes of Mendelian inheritance have been suggested, the most plausible explanation is that this is an X-linked condition with the unusual situation of complete expression...
A Case of Perinatal Varicella Infection
Jeong A Rho, Young Il Rho, Eun Young Kim, Sang Kee Park
J Korean Pediatr Soc. 2003;46(10):1047-1050.   Published online October 15, 2003
Maternal varicella resulting in viremia may transmit the virus to the fetus by either transplacental spread, or by ascending infection from lesion in the birth canal. The characteristic symptoms consist of skin lesions in dermatomal distribution, eye diseases, neurological defects, and limb hypoplasia. Varicella of the newborn is a life-threatening illness that may occur when a newborn is delivered either...
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