Article 58(5); May 2015
Review Article
Approaches to the diagnosis and management of chronic urticaria in children
Sun Hee Choi, Hey Sung Baek
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):159-164.   Published online May 22, 2015

Most guidelines for chronic urticaria (CU) in infants and children are based on limited pediatric evidence. Current evidence used to guide treatment in children is extrapolated from data focusing on older age groups. CU in children is a different and complex condition than that in adults. Furthermore, there is little published information regarding urticaria in Korean children. The aim of...

Original Articles
Association between serum alanine aminotransferase level and obesity indices in Korean adolescents
Moon Bae Ahn, Woo Ri Bae, Kyung Do Han, Won Kyoung Cho, Kyoung Soon Cho, So Hyun Park, Min Ho Jung, Byung Kyu Suh
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):165-171.   Published online May 22, 2015
Purpose

To analyze the correlation between serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and obesity indices including body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (BFP), total fat mass (FM), truncal fat mass (TFM), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in Korean adolescents.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study based on data derived from the 2010-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES). Subjects were...

Epidemiological comparison of three Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia epidemics in a single hospital over 10 years
Eun-Kyung Kim, You-Sook Youn, Jung-Woo Rhim, Myung-Seok Shin, Jin-Han Kang, Kyung-Yil Lee
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):172-177.   Published online May 22, 2015
Purpose

Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) pneumonia epidemics have occurred in 3- to 4-year cycles in Korea. We evaluated the epidemiologic characteristics of MP pneumonia in Daejeon, Korea, from 2003 to 2012.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed 779 medical records of children (0-15 years of old) with MP pneumonia admitted to our institution and compared the data from 3 recent epidemics.

Results

In 779 patients, the mean age...

Association of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells with natural course of childhood chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura
Bo Ra Son, Ji Yoon Kim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):178-182.   Published online May 22, 2015
Purpose

The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ regulatory T cells (Treg) in the peripheral blood of patients with childhood chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) exhibiting thrombocytopenia and spontaneous remission. The findings of this study indicate the possibility of predicting spontaneous recovery and pathogenesis of childhood chronic ITP.

Methods

Eleven children with chronic ITP (seven thrombocytopenic and four...

Validity of bag urine culture for predicting urinary tract infections in febrile infants: a paired comparison of urine collection methods
Geun-A Kim, Ja-Wook Koo
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):183-189.   Published online May 22, 2015
Purpose

Catheter urine (CATH-U) and suprapubic aspiration (SPA) are reliable urine collection methods for confirming urinary tract infections (UTI) in infants. However, noninvasive and easily accessible collecting bag urine (CBU) is widely used, despite its high contamination rate. This study investigated the validity of CBU cultures for diagnosing UTIs, using CATH-U culture results as the gold standard.

Methods

We retrospectively analyzed 210 infants,...

Case Reports
Case of seropositive allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in a 10-year-old girl without previously documented asthma
Jeong Eun Shin, Jae Won Shim, Deok Soo Kim, Hae Lim Jung, Moon Soo Park, Jung Yeon Shim
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):190-193.   Published online May 22, 2015

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a hypersensitivity lung disease due to bronchial colonization of Aspergillus fumigatus that occurs in susceptible patients with asthma or cystic fibrosis. A 10-year-old girl was referred to the Department of Pediatric Pulmonology for persistent consolidations on chest radiography. Pulmonary consolidations were observed in the right upper and left lower lobes and were not resolved with...

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy in children: a report of four patients with variable relapsing courses
Soo Jin Chang, Ji Hyun Lee, Shin Hye Kim, Joon Soo Lee, Heung Dong Kim, Joon Won Kang, Young Mock Lee, Hoon-Chul Kang
Clin Exp Pediatr. 2015;58(5):194-198.   Published online May 22, 2015

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a chronically progressive or relapsing symmetric sensorimotor disorder presumed to occur because of immunologic antibody-mediated reactions. To understand the clinical courses of CIDP, we report variable CIDP courses in children with respect to initial presentation, responsiveness to medical treatment, and recurrence interval. Four patients who were diagnosed with acute-onset and relapsing CIDP courses at...

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